Categorizing the neighbors: Identity, distance, and stereotyping

Nick Hopkins, Christopher Moore

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper reports a field study conducted in Scotland. Participants from one Scottish town stereotyped those from their own town and from another 30 miles away in England. These stereotypes were elicited in three conditions: after stereotyping the English and the Scottish; after stereotyping the Germans and the British; without any explicit reference to national categories We predicted that the act of national stereotyping would have implications for the perception of intertown similarity and the residents' stereotyping; this was confirmed. Relative to the control condition, the two towns' inhabitants were seen as more similar when the inclusive "British" identity was invoked and as less similar when the more exclusive "English"/"Scottish" identities were invoked. Furthermore, the adjectives selected as town-defining, and the differential applicability of these adjectives to the two towns, were affected. We discuss these data in relation to the literature on the relativity of similarity/difference judgments and the context dependence of stereotypes, and in relation to the literature on national identity, especially the "nationalization" of self and other perception.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)239-252
    Number of pages14
    JournalSocial Psychology Quarterly
    Volume64
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2001

    Cite this

    @article{0c5478f8055b4fc0af6ed7fe56e9ceb4,
    title = "Categorizing the neighbors: Identity, distance, and stereotyping",
    abstract = "This paper reports a field study conducted in Scotland. Participants from one Scottish town stereotyped those from their own town and from another 30 miles away in England. These stereotypes were elicited in three conditions: after stereotyping the English and the Scottish; after stereotyping the Germans and the British; without any explicit reference to national categories We predicted that the act of national stereotyping would have implications for the perception of intertown similarity and the residents' stereotyping; this was confirmed. Relative to the control condition, the two towns' inhabitants were seen as more similar when the inclusive {"}British{"} identity was invoked and as less similar when the more exclusive {"}English{"}/{"}Scottish{"} identities were invoked. Furthermore, the adjectives selected as town-defining, and the differential applicability of these adjectives to the two towns, were affected. We discuss these data in relation to the literature on the relativity of similarity/difference judgments and the context dependence of stereotypes, and in relation to the literature on national identity, especially the {"}nationalization{"} of self and other perception.",
    author = "Nick Hopkins and Christopher Moore",
    year = "2001",
    month = "9",
    language = "English",
    volume = "64",
    pages = "239--252",
    journal = "Social Psychology Quarterly",
    issn = "0190-2725",
    publisher = "American Sociological Association",
    number = "3",

    }

    Categorizing the neighbors : Identity, distance, and stereotyping. / Hopkins, Nick; Moore, Christopher.

    In: Social Psychology Quarterly, Vol. 64, No. 3, 09.2001, p. 239-252.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Categorizing the neighbors

    T2 - Identity, distance, and stereotyping

    AU - Hopkins, Nick

    AU - Moore, Christopher

    PY - 2001/9

    Y1 - 2001/9

    N2 - This paper reports a field study conducted in Scotland. Participants from one Scottish town stereotyped those from their own town and from another 30 miles away in England. These stereotypes were elicited in three conditions: after stereotyping the English and the Scottish; after stereotyping the Germans and the British; without any explicit reference to national categories We predicted that the act of national stereotyping would have implications for the perception of intertown similarity and the residents' stereotyping; this was confirmed. Relative to the control condition, the two towns' inhabitants were seen as more similar when the inclusive "British" identity was invoked and as less similar when the more exclusive "English"/"Scottish" identities were invoked. Furthermore, the adjectives selected as town-defining, and the differential applicability of these adjectives to the two towns, were affected. We discuss these data in relation to the literature on the relativity of similarity/difference judgments and the context dependence of stereotypes, and in relation to the literature on national identity, especially the "nationalization" of self and other perception.

    AB - This paper reports a field study conducted in Scotland. Participants from one Scottish town stereotyped those from their own town and from another 30 miles away in England. These stereotypes were elicited in three conditions: after stereotyping the English and the Scottish; after stereotyping the Germans and the British; without any explicit reference to national categories We predicted that the act of national stereotyping would have implications for the perception of intertown similarity and the residents' stereotyping; this was confirmed. Relative to the control condition, the two towns' inhabitants were seen as more similar when the inclusive "British" identity was invoked and as less similar when the more exclusive "English"/"Scottish" identities were invoked. Furthermore, the adjectives selected as town-defining, and the differential applicability of these adjectives to the two towns, were affected. We discuss these data in relation to the literature on the relativity of similarity/difference judgments and the context dependence of stereotypes, and in relation to the literature on national identity, especially the "nationalization" of self and other perception.

    M3 - Article

    VL - 64

    SP - 239

    EP - 252

    JO - Social Psychology Quarterly

    JF - Social Psychology Quarterly

    SN - 0190-2725

    IS - 3

    ER -