This paper reports a field study conducted in Scotland. Participants from one Scottish town stereotyped those from their own town and from another 30 miles away in England. These stereotypes were elicited in three conditions: after stereotyping the English and the Scottish; after stereotyping the Germans and the British; without any explicit reference to national categories We predicted that the act of national stereotyping would have implications for the perception of intertown similarity and the residents' stereotyping; this was confirmed. Relative to the control condition, the two towns' inhabitants were seen as more similar when the inclusive "British" identity was invoked and as less similar when the more exclusive "English"/"Scottish" identities were invoked. Furthermore, the adjectives selected as town-defining, and the differential applicability of these adjectives to the two towns, were affected. We discuss these data in relation to the literature on the relativity of similarity/difference judgments and the context dependence of stereotypes, and in relation to the literature on national identity, especially the "nationalization" of self and other perception.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Social Psychology Quarterly|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2001|