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AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensor that is activated by increases in the cellular AMP/ATP and ADP/ATP ratios by three mechanisms: (1) allosteric activation, (2) promotion of phosphorylation at Thr172 on the α subunit by upstream kinases, and (3) inhibition of dephosphorylation of Thr172 by protein phosphatases. All of these effects are triggered by the binding of AMP or ADP at one or more of three sites on the γ subunit, where they displace ATP. AMPK is also activated by ligands that bind in the ADaM site, which is located between the α and β subunits. In this chapter we describe cell-free assays that can be used to study these varied activation mechanisms.
|Title of host publication||AMPK|
|Subtitle of host publication||Methods and Protocols|
|Editors||Dietbert Neumann, Benoit Viollet|
|Place of Publication||New York|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Name||Methods in Molecular Biology|
- Allosteric activation
- AMP-activated protein kinase
- Kinase assay
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1/10/17 → 1/05/23