Centrifuge study of seismic response of soil-nailed walls supporting a footing on the ground surface

Mohammad Hassan Baziar (Lead / Corresponding author), Alireza Ghadamgahi, Andrew John Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
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Seismic design of soil-nailed walls requires demonstrations of tolerable ranges of wall movements, especially when a surcharge load exists near the wall. In this study, the effect of surcharge location on seismically induced wall movements was investigated using four centrifuge tests. The axial tensile forces, developed along the soil nails during the seismic loadings, were also measured during the tests. At 50g centrifugal acceleration, model tests represented a 12-m-high prototype wall reinforced with five rows of soil nails. To apply a surcharge stress of 30 kPa at the specified location relative to the wall for each model test, a rigid footing was placed on the soil surface. The model soil-nailed walls were subjected to three successive earthquake motions. Surprisingly, it was found that the model wall with the footing located behind the soil-nailed region experienced the largest seismic movements, even more than when the footing was directly behind the wall. Further, the tests showed that the lower soil nails played a key role in the wall stability during earthquake shaking, acting as a pivot for the pre-collapse cases tested, whereas the upper soil nails needed to be sufficiently extended to properly contribute to the seismic stability of the wall.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date24 Nov 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24 Nov 2021


  • centrifuge modeling
  • soil-nailed walls
  • footing
  • seismic response
  • wall movements
  • soil nail axial force


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