Centrifuge testing of a bridge pier on a rocking isolated foundation supported on unconnected piles

M. Loli, J. A. Knappett, M. J. Brown, Ioannis Anastasopoulos, G. Gazetas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

43 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A preceding experimental study carried out at the University of Dundee, as well as independent experimental and numerical research results, have shown the improved seismic performance of rocking shallow foundations in comparison to conventional, conservatively designed foundations, for bridges. By properly reducing the size of the footing, rocking behaviour due to seismic loading can occur about the footing base. It has been shown that rocking foundations can reduce seismic ductility demand on bridge columns and improve bridge performance so much so as to enable them to safely resist very strong seismic motions which lead to collapse of alternative conventional systems. Yet, key concern is the potential for significant settlement accumulation, especially in relatively poor soil conditions. Therefore, current research objectives focus on exploring possible innovative foundation systems that will optimise the seismic performance of rocking foundations. To this end, a series of dynamic centrifuge tests on 1:50 scaled bridge piers on sand were performed. This paper presents results for only one of the investigated alternatives: the rocking foundation is supported by a 4x4 group of unconnected reinforced concrete (RC) piles. Comparative evaluation of the performance of this hybrid foundation system indicates significant reduction of settlements, yet at the cost of increased deck drift. It is shown that particular care must be taken in designing such foundation syste
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6ICEGE - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event6th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering - Christchurch, New Zealand
Duration: 1 Nov 20154 Nov 2015
http://www.6icege.com/ (Link to Conference website)

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering
Abbreviated title6ICEGE
CountryNew Zealand
CityChristchurch
Period1/11/154/11/15
Internet address

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  • Research Output

    • 2 Article
    • 1 Conference contribution

    A New Model Concrete for Reduced-Scale Model Tests of Energy Geo-Structures

    Vitali, D., Leung, A. K., Minto, A. & Knappett, J. A., 2016, Geo Chacago 2016: Geotechnics for sustainable energy. Farid, A., De, A., Reddy, K. R., Yesiller, N. & Zekkos, D. (eds.). American Society of Civil Engineers , p. 185-194 10 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

  • 1 Citation (Scopus)

    Use of Ricker motions as an alternative to pushover testing

    Loli, M., Knappett, J. A., Anastasopoulos, I. & Brown, M. J., Mar 2015, In : International Journal of Physical Modelling in Geotechnics. 15, 1, p. 44-55 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 4 Citations (Scopus)
    197 Downloads (Pure)

    Centrifuge modeling of rocking-isolated inelastic RC bridge piers

    Loli, M., Knappett, J. A., Brown, M. J., Anastasopoulos, I. & Gazetas, G., Dec 2014, In : Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics. 43, 15, p. 2341-2359 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Open Access
    File
  • 38 Citations (Scopus)
    290 Downloads (Pure)

    Activities

    • 1 Invited talk

    Taisei Corporation invited presentation: Centrifuge modelling projects relevant to Japanese application

    Michael Brown (Invited speaker)

    18 Sep 2018

    Activity: Talk or presentation typesInvited talk

    Cite this

    Loli, M., Knappett, J. A., Brown, M. J., Anastasopoulos, I., & Gazetas, G. (2015). Centrifuge testing of a bridge pier on a rocking isolated foundation supported on unconnected piles. In 6ICEGE - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering [362]