Ceramide down-regulates System A amino acid transport and protein synthesis in rat skeletal muscle cells

Russell Hyde, Eric Hajduch, Darren J. Powell, Peter M. Taylor, Harinder S. Hundal

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    81 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Skeletal muscle is a major insulin target tissue and has a prominent role in the control of body amino acid economy, being the principal store of free and protein-bound amino acids and a dominant locus for amino acid metabolism. Interplay between diverse stimuli ( e. g., hormonal/nutritional/mechanical) modulates muscle insulin action to serve physiological need through the action of factors such as intramuscular signaling molecules. Ceramide, a product of sphingolipid metabolism and cytokine signaling, has a potent contra-insulin action with respect to the transport and deposition of glucose in skeletal muscle, although ceramide effects on muscle amino acid turnover have not previously been documented. Here, membrane permeant C-2-ceramide is shown to attenuate the basal and insulin-stimulated activity of the Na+-dependent System A amino acid transporter in rat muscle cells (L6 myotubes) by depletion of the plasma membrane abundance of SNAT2 ( a System A isoform). Concomitant with transporter downregulation, ceramide diminished both intramyocellular amino acid abundance and the phosphorylation of translation regulators lying downstream of mTOR. The physiological outcome of ceramide signaling in this instance is a marked reduction in cellular protein synthesis, a result that is likely to represent an important component of the processes leading to muscle wasting in catabolic conditions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)461-463
    Number of pages3
    JournalFASEB Journal
    Volume19
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

    Keywords

    • Insulin
    • Rapamycin
    • SNAT2
    • Me-AIB
    • PKB/Akt

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