Changes in association of the Xenopus origin recognition complex with chromatin on licensing of replication origins

A Rowles, S Tada, J J Blow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    140 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    During late mitosis and early G1, a series of proteins are assembled onto replication origins that results in them becoming 'licensed' for replication in the subsequent S phase. In Xenopus this first involves the assembly onto chromatin of the Xenopus origin recognition complex XORC, and then XCdc6, and finally the RLF-M component of the replication licensing system. In this paper we examine changes in the way that XORC associates with chromatin in the Xenopus cell-free system as origins become licensed. Restricting the quantity of XORC on chromatin reduced the extent of replication as expected if a single molecule of XORC is sufficient to specify a single replication origin. During metaphase, XOrc1 associated only weakly with chromatin. In early interphase, XOrc1 formed a strong complex with chromatin, as evidenced by its resistance to elution by 200 mM salt, and this state persisted when XCdc6 was assembled onto the chromatin. As a consequence of origins becoming licensed the association of XOrc1 and XCdc6 with chromatin was destabilised, and XOrc1 became susceptible to removal from chromatin by exposure to either high salt or high Cdk levels. At this stage the essential function for XORC and XCdc6 in DNA replication had already been fulfilled. Since high Cdk levels are required for the initiation of DNA replication, this 'licensing-dependent origin inactivation' may contribute to mechanisms that prevent re-licensing of replication origins once S phase has started.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2011-2018
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Cell Science
    Volume112
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - 1999

    Fingerprint

    Origin Recognition Complex
    Replication Origin
    Licensure
    Xenopus
    Chromatin
    DNA Replication
    S Phase
    Salts
    Myeloma Proteins
    Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly
    Cell-Free System
    Interphase
    Metaphase
    Mitosis

    Cite this

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    title = "Changes in association of the Xenopus origin recognition complex with chromatin on licensing of replication origins",
    abstract = "During late mitosis and early G1, a series of proteins are assembled onto replication origins that results in them becoming 'licensed' for replication in the subsequent S phase. In Xenopus this first involves the assembly onto chromatin of the Xenopus origin recognition complex XORC, and then XCdc6, and finally the RLF-M component of the replication licensing system. In this paper we examine changes in the way that XORC associates with chromatin in the Xenopus cell-free system as origins become licensed. Restricting the quantity of XORC on chromatin reduced the extent of replication as expected if a single molecule of XORC is sufficient to specify a single replication origin. During metaphase, XOrc1 associated only weakly with chromatin. In early interphase, XOrc1 formed a strong complex with chromatin, as evidenced by its resistance to elution by 200 mM salt, and this state persisted when XCdc6 was assembled onto the chromatin. As a consequence of origins becoming licensed the association of XOrc1 and XCdc6 with chromatin was destabilised, and XOrc1 became susceptible to removal from chromatin by exposure to either high salt or high Cdk levels. At this stage the essential function for XORC and XCdc6 in DNA replication had already been fulfilled. Since high Cdk levels are required for the initiation of DNA replication, this 'licensing-dependent origin inactivation' may contribute to mechanisms that prevent re-licensing of replication origins once S phase has started.",
    author = "A Rowles and S Tada and Blow, {J J}",
    year = "1999",
    language = "English",
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    journal = "Journal of Cell Science",
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    Changes in association of the Xenopus origin recognition complex with chromatin on licensing of replication origins. / Rowles, A; Tada, S; Blow, J J.

    In: Journal of Cell Science, Vol. 112 , No. 12, 1999, p. 2011-2018.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Changes in association of the Xenopus origin recognition complex with chromatin on licensing of replication origins

    AU - Rowles, A

    AU - Tada, S

    AU - Blow, J J

    PY - 1999

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    N2 - During late mitosis and early G1, a series of proteins are assembled onto replication origins that results in them becoming 'licensed' for replication in the subsequent S phase. In Xenopus this first involves the assembly onto chromatin of the Xenopus origin recognition complex XORC, and then XCdc6, and finally the RLF-M component of the replication licensing system. In this paper we examine changes in the way that XORC associates with chromatin in the Xenopus cell-free system as origins become licensed. Restricting the quantity of XORC on chromatin reduced the extent of replication as expected if a single molecule of XORC is sufficient to specify a single replication origin. During metaphase, XOrc1 associated only weakly with chromatin. In early interphase, XOrc1 formed a strong complex with chromatin, as evidenced by its resistance to elution by 200 mM salt, and this state persisted when XCdc6 was assembled onto the chromatin. As a consequence of origins becoming licensed the association of XOrc1 and XCdc6 with chromatin was destabilised, and XOrc1 became susceptible to removal from chromatin by exposure to either high salt or high Cdk levels. At this stage the essential function for XORC and XCdc6 in DNA replication had already been fulfilled. Since high Cdk levels are required for the initiation of DNA replication, this 'licensing-dependent origin inactivation' may contribute to mechanisms that prevent re-licensing of replication origins once S phase has started.

    AB - During late mitosis and early G1, a series of proteins are assembled onto replication origins that results in them becoming 'licensed' for replication in the subsequent S phase. In Xenopus this first involves the assembly onto chromatin of the Xenopus origin recognition complex XORC, and then XCdc6, and finally the RLF-M component of the replication licensing system. In this paper we examine changes in the way that XORC associates with chromatin in the Xenopus cell-free system as origins become licensed. Restricting the quantity of XORC on chromatin reduced the extent of replication as expected if a single molecule of XORC is sufficient to specify a single replication origin. During metaphase, XOrc1 associated only weakly with chromatin. In early interphase, XOrc1 formed a strong complex with chromatin, as evidenced by its resistance to elution by 200 mM salt, and this state persisted when XCdc6 was assembled onto the chromatin. As a consequence of origins becoming licensed the association of XOrc1 and XCdc6 with chromatin was destabilised, and XOrc1 became susceptible to removal from chromatin by exposure to either high salt or high Cdk levels. At this stage the essential function for XORC and XCdc6 in DNA replication had already been fulfilled. Since high Cdk levels are required for the initiation of DNA replication, this 'licensing-dependent origin inactivation' may contribute to mechanisms that prevent re-licensing of replication origins once S phase has started.

    M3 - Article

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