Characteristics of outcome in schizophrenia at 13 years

Peter Mason (Lead / Corresponding author), Glynn Harrison, Cristine Glazebrook, Ian Medley, Tim Dalkin, Tim Croudace

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    123 Citations (Scopus)


    BACKGROUND This paper describes the 13-year outcome of an epidemiologically defined and representative cohort of patients selected when they were experiencing their first episode of schizophrenia.

    METHOD In a 13-year follow-up study of a cohort identified in Nottingham in 1978-80, the outcome (symptoms, disability, residence and treatment) was assessed using standardised instruments.

    RESULTS Four of the original 67 patients with ICD-9 schizophrenia were lost to follow-up and five were dead: 52% were without psychotic symptoms in the last two years of follow-up, 52% were without negative symptoms and 55% showed good/fair social functioning. However, only 17% were alive at follow-up, without symptoms and disability, and receiving no treatment.

    CONCLUSIONS The findings reported are similar to those of other long-term follow-up studies of schizophrenia and also to 5-year follow-up studies. Kraepelin's emphasis on the longitudinal implications of a diagnosis of schizophrenia are supported, but may be over-pessimistic.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)596-603
    Number of pages8
    JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1995


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