Characterizing patients with chronic heart failure in community care after hospitalization: a potential role for ivabradine

Douglas H. Elder, Mohapradeep Mohan, Lynda Cochrane, Helena Charles, Chim C. Lang (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    9 Citations (Scopus)


    Aims: To identify the prevalence and characteristics of recently hospitalized chronic heart failure (CHF) patients in community care who meet the indication for ivabradine. Methods: A retrospective clinical audit of CHF patients recently hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and subsequently referred to the Tayside Heart Failure Nurse Liaison Service (THFNLS), a Scottish nurse-led community heart failure liaison service. Inclusion criteria were previous hospitalization with ADHF, subsequent referral to the THFNLS, data for ≥2 nurse visits, and a recorded pulse. The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients who meet the indicated criteria for ivabradine. Results: In the UK, ivabradine is indicated for CHF with systolic dysfunction in patients in sinus rhythm, with a heart rate ≥75 bpm, and NYHA class II-class IV. After up-titration of a beta-blocker, 19.0% of patients in the full dataset (158 of 830) met the indication for ivabradine at the last visit. Of these "ivabradine-suitable" patients, 101 of 158 (63.9%) received bisoprolol "at any time" during the study period; 20 of 158 (12.7%) achieved the target dose (10 mg daily); 52 of 158 (32.9%) received 5 mg or 7.5 mg daily; and 93 of 158 (58.9%) received <5 mg daily. Conclusions: In this group of Scottish patients previously hospitalized with ADHF and under the care of a protocol-driven clinic, 19% met the indication for ivabradine and may benefit from the increased control of CHF that ivabradine can provide. Among these "ivabradine-suitable" patients, <15% achieved the target dose of beta-blockers, illustrating the substantial clinical need for a well-tolerated and effective therapy such as ivabradine.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)104-108
    Number of pages5
    JournalCardiovascular Therapeutics
    Issue number3
    Early online date24 Mar 2015
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015


    • Beta-blockers
    • Chronic heart failure
    • Clinical audit
    • Healthcare delivery
    • Heart rate reduction
    • Ivabradine


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