Child Caries management: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Dental Practice

N. P. Innes (Lead / Corresponding author), J. E. Clarkson, G. V. A. Douglas, Vicky Ryan, N. Wilson, T. Homer, Z. Marshman, E. McColl, L. Vale, M. Robertson, A. Abouhajar, R. D. Holmes, R. Freeman, B. Chadwick, C. Deery, F. Wong, A. Maguire

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Abstract

This multicenter 3-arm, parallel-group, patient-randomized controlled trial compared clinical effectiveness of 3 treatment strategies over 3 y for managing dental caries in primary teeth in UK primary dental care. Participants aged 3 to 7 y with at least 1 primary molar with dentinal carious lesion were randomized across 3 arms (1:1:1 via centrally administered system with variable-length random permuted blocks): C+P, conventional carious lesion management (complete carious tooth tissue removal and restoration placement) with prevention; B+P, biological management (sealing in carious tooth tissue restoratively) with prevention; and PA, prevention alone (diet, plaque removal, fluorides, and fissure sealants). Parents, children, and dentists were not blind to allocated arm. Co–primary outcomes were 1) the proportion of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection and 2) the number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection during follow-up (minimum, 23 mo). In sum, 1,144 participants were randomized (C+P, n = 386; B+P, n = 381; PA, n = 377) by 72 general dental practitioners, of whom 1,058 (C+P, n = 352; B+P, n = 352; PA, n = 354) attended at least 1 study visit and were included in the primary analysis. The median follow-up was 33.8 mo (interquartile range, 23.8 to 36.7). Proportions of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 42%; B+P, 40%; PA, 45%. There was no evidence of a difference in incidence of dental pain and/or infection when B+P (adjusted risk difference [97.5% CI]: −2% [−10% to 6%]) or PA (4% [−4% to 12%]) was compared with C+P. The mean (SD) number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 0.62 (0.95); B+P, 0.58 (0.87); and PA, 0.72 (0.98). Superiority could not be concluded for number of episodes between B+P (adjusted incident rate ratio (97.5% CI): 0.95 [0.75 to 1.21]) or PA (1.18 [0.94 to 1.48]) and C+P. In conclusion, there was no evidence of a difference among the 3 treatment approaches for incidence or number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection experienced by these participants with high caries risk and established disease (trial registration: ISRCTN77044005).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-43
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dental Research
Volume99
Issue number1
Early online date26 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Tooth
Randomized Controlled Trials
Pain
Infection
Arm
Deciduous Tooth
Pit and Fissure Sealants
Dental Care
Incidence
Dental Caries
Dentists
Fluorides
General Practitioners
Primary Health Care
Parents
Diet
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • dental caries
  • pediatric dentistry
  • restoration
  • clinical studies/trials
  • dental public health
  • Primary dentition
  • primary dentition
  • trials
  • clinical studies

Cite this

Innes, N. P. ; Clarkson, J. E. ; Douglas, G. V. A. ; Ryan, Vicky ; Wilson, N. ; Homer, T. ; Marshman, Z. ; McColl, E. ; Vale, L. ; Robertson, M. ; Abouhajar, A. ; Holmes, R. D. ; Freeman, R. ; Chadwick, B. ; Deery, C. ; Wong, F. ; Maguire, A. / Child Caries management : A Randomized Controlled Trial in Dental Practice. In: Journal of Dental Research. 2020 ; Vol. 99, No. 1. pp. 36-43.
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abstract = "This multicenter 3-arm, parallel-group, patient-randomized controlled trial compared clinical effectiveness of 3 treatment strategies over 3 y for managing dental caries in primary teeth in UK primary dental care. Participants aged 3 to 7 y with at least 1 primary molar with dentinal carious lesion were randomized across 3 arms (1:1:1 via centrally administered system with variable-length random permuted blocks): C+P, conventional carious lesion management (complete carious tooth tissue removal and restoration placement) with prevention; B+P, biological management (sealing in carious tooth tissue restoratively) with prevention; and PA, prevention alone (diet, plaque removal, fluorides, and fissure sealants). Parents, children, and dentists were not blind to allocated arm. Co–primary outcomes were 1) the proportion of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection and 2) the number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection during follow-up (minimum, 23 mo). In sum, 1,144 participants were randomized (C+P, n = 386; B+P, n = 381; PA, n = 377) by 72 general dental practitioners, of whom 1,058 (C+P, n = 352; B+P, n = 352; PA, n = 354) attended at least 1 study visit and were included in the primary analysis. The median follow-up was 33.8 mo (interquartile range, 23.8 to 36.7). Proportions of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 42{\%}; B+P, 40{\%}; PA, 45{\%}. There was no evidence of a difference in incidence of dental pain and/or infection when B+P (adjusted risk difference [97.5{\%} CI]: −2{\%} [−10{\%} to 6{\%}]) or PA (4{\%} [−4{\%} to 12{\%}]) was compared with C+P. The mean (SD) number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 0.62 (0.95); B+P, 0.58 (0.87); and PA, 0.72 (0.98). Superiority could not be concluded for number of episodes between B+P (adjusted incident rate ratio (97.5{\%} CI): 0.95 [0.75 to 1.21]) or PA (1.18 [0.94 to 1.48]) and C+P. In conclusion, there was no evidence of a difference among the 3 treatment approaches for incidence or number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection experienced by these participants with high caries risk and established disease (trial registration: ISRCTN77044005).",
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Innes, NP, Clarkson, JE, Douglas, GVA, Ryan, V, Wilson, N, Homer, T, Marshman, Z, McColl, E, Vale, L, Robertson, M, Abouhajar, A, Holmes, RD, Freeman, R, Chadwick, B, Deery, C, Wong, F & Maguire, A 2020, 'Child Caries management: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Dental Practice', Journal of Dental Research, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 36-43. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022034519888882

Child Caries management : A Randomized Controlled Trial in Dental Practice. / Innes, N. P. (Lead / Corresponding author); Clarkson, J. E.; Douglas, G. V. A.; Ryan, Vicky; Wilson, N.; Homer, T.; Marshman, Z.; McColl, E.; Vale, L.; Robertson, M.; Abouhajar, A.; Holmes, R. D.; Freeman, R.; Chadwick, B.; Deery, C.; Wong, F.; Maguire, A.

In: Journal of Dental Research, Vol. 99, No. 1, 01.2020, p. 36-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - A Randomized Controlled Trial in Dental Practice

AU - Innes, N. P.

AU - Clarkson, J. E.

AU - Douglas, G. V. A.

AU - Ryan, Vicky

AU - Wilson, N.

AU - Homer, T.

AU - Marshman, Z.

AU - McColl, E.

AU - Vale, L.

AU - Robertson, M.

AU - Abouhajar, A.

AU - Holmes, R. D.

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AU - Maguire, A.

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N2 - This multicenter 3-arm, parallel-group, patient-randomized controlled trial compared clinical effectiveness of 3 treatment strategies over 3 y for managing dental caries in primary teeth in UK primary dental care. Participants aged 3 to 7 y with at least 1 primary molar with dentinal carious lesion were randomized across 3 arms (1:1:1 via centrally administered system with variable-length random permuted blocks): C+P, conventional carious lesion management (complete carious tooth tissue removal and restoration placement) with prevention; B+P, biological management (sealing in carious tooth tissue restoratively) with prevention; and PA, prevention alone (diet, plaque removal, fluorides, and fissure sealants). Parents, children, and dentists were not blind to allocated arm. Co–primary outcomes were 1) the proportion of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection and 2) the number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection during follow-up (minimum, 23 mo). In sum, 1,144 participants were randomized (C+P, n = 386; B+P, n = 381; PA, n = 377) by 72 general dental practitioners, of whom 1,058 (C+P, n = 352; B+P, n = 352; PA, n = 354) attended at least 1 study visit and were included in the primary analysis. The median follow-up was 33.8 mo (interquartile range, 23.8 to 36.7). Proportions of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 42%; B+P, 40%; PA, 45%. There was no evidence of a difference in incidence of dental pain and/or infection when B+P (adjusted risk difference [97.5% CI]: −2% [−10% to 6%]) or PA (4% [−4% to 12%]) was compared with C+P. The mean (SD) number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 0.62 (0.95); B+P, 0.58 (0.87); and PA, 0.72 (0.98). Superiority could not be concluded for number of episodes between B+P (adjusted incident rate ratio (97.5% CI): 0.95 [0.75 to 1.21]) or PA (1.18 [0.94 to 1.48]) and C+P. In conclusion, there was no evidence of a difference among the 3 treatment approaches for incidence or number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection experienced by these participants with high caries risk and established disease (trial registration: ISRCTN77044005).

AB - This multicenter 3-arm, parallel-group, patient-randomized controlled trial compared clinical effectiveness of 3 treatment strategies over 3 y for managing dental caries in primary teeth in UK primary dental care. Participants aged 3 to 7 y with at least 1 primary molar with dentinal carious lesion were randomized across 3 arms (1:1:1 via centrally administered system with variable-length random permuted blocks): C+P, conventional carious lesion management (complete carious tooth tissue removal and restoration placement) with prevention; B+P, biological management (sealing in carious tooth tissue restoratively) with prevention; and PA, prevention alone (diet, plaque removal, fluorides, and fissure sealants). Parents, children, and dentists were not blind to allocated arm. Co–primary outcomes were 1) the proportion of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection and 2) the number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection during follow-up (minimum, 23 mo). In sum, 1,144 participants were randomized (C+P, n = 386; B+P, n = 381; PA, n = 377) by 72 general dental practitioners, of whom 1,058 (C+P, n = 352; B+P, n = 352; PA, n = 354) attended at least 1 study visit and were included in the primary analysis. The median follow-up was 33.8 mo (interquartile range, 23.8 to 36.7). Proportions of participants with at least 1 episode of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 42%; B+P, 40%; PA, 45%. There was no evidence of a difference in incidence of dental pain and/or infection when B+P (adjusted risk difference [97.5% CI]: −2% [−10% to 6%]) or PA (4% [−4% to 12%]) was compared with C+P. The mean (SD) number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection were as follows: C+P, 0.62 (0.95); B+P, 0.58 (0.87); and PA, 0.72 (0.98). Superiority could not be concluded for number of episodes between B+P (adjusted incident rate ratio (97.5% CI): 0.95 [0.75 to 1.21]) or PA (1.18 [0.94 to 1.48]) and C+P. In conclusion, there was no evidence of a difference among the 3 treatment approaches for incidence or number of episodes of dental pain and/or infection experienced by these participants with high caries risk and established disease (trial registration: ISRCTN77044005).

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