Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment

the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence

P. van Meurs, K. E. Howard, J. Versloot, J. S. J. Veerkamp, R. Freeman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Aim This was to investigate what coping strategies are used by children, the efficacy of these strategies and the influences of age, gender, dental anxiety, pain experience and childhood caries prevalence (place of residence) upon the efficacy of the coping strategies used by Dutch (NL) children in The Netherlands and Northern Ireland (NI). Methods Convenience samples of Dutch and NI children were taken and asked to fill out a coping questionnaire (Dental Cope Questionnaire) and an anxiety schedule (CFSS-DS). Data were entered onto a SPSS database and subjected to frequency distributions, Chi-square analysis, t-tests and analysis of variance. Results The children used a wide variety of coping strategies in dealing with pain in dentistry. The most frequently used and those reported to have the greatest efficacy by the children in this investigation were cognitively based strategies. Different strategies were used in relation to place of residence, age and level of dental anxiety. The variance in the number of strategies used was significantly explained by the experienced pain during dental treatment. The efficacy of the coping strategies used was significantly explained by level of dental anxiety. Conclusions Dental coping strategies used by children seem to vary with age, dental anxiety and pain experience. This information can help dental practitioners to adjust his or her treatment to the child’s emotional needs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)173-178
    Number of pages6
    JournalEuropean Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
    Volume6
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

    Fingerprint

    Dental Anxiety
    Tooth
    Pain
    Northern Ireland
    Therapeutics
    Chi-Square Distribution
    Dentistry
    Netherlands
    Analysis of Variance
    Appointments and Schedules
    Anxiety
    Databases

    Keywords

    • Children
    • Anxiety
    • Coping strategies
    • Pain

    Cite this

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    title = "Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment: the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence",
    abstract = "Aim This was to investigate what coping strategies are used by children, the efficacy of these strategies and the influences of age, gender, dental anxiety, pain experience and childhood caries prevalence (place of residence) upon the efficacy of the coping strategies used by Dutch (NL) children in The Netherlands and Northern Ireland (NI). Methods Convenience samples of Dutch and NI children were taken and asked to fill out a coping questionnaire (Dental Cope Questionnaire) and an anxiety schedule (CFSS-DS). Data were entered onto a SPSS database and subjected to frequency distributions, Chi-square analysis, t-tests and analysis of variance. Results The children used a wide variety of coping strategies in dealing with pain in dentistry. The most frequently used and those reported to have the greatest efficacy by the children in this investigation were cognitively based strategies. Different strategies were used in relation to place of residence, age and level of dental anxiety. The variance in the number of strategies used was significantly explained by the experienced pain during dental treatment. The efficacy of the coping strategies used was significantly explained by level of dental anxiety. Conclusions Dental coping strategies used by children seem to vary with age, dental anxiety and pain experience. This information can help dental practitioners to adjust his or her treatment to the child’s emotional needs.",
    keywords = "Children, Anxiety, Coping strategies, Pain",
    author = "{van Meurs}, P. and Howard, {K. E.} and J. Versloot and Veerkamp, {J. S. J.} and R. Freeman",
    year = "2005",
    month = "12",
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    Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment : the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence. / van Meurs, P.; Howard, K. E.; Versloot, J.; Veerkamp, J. S. J.; Freeman, R.

    In: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry , Vol. 6, No. 4, 12.2005, p. 173-178.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - Child coping strategies, dental anxiety and dental treatment

    T2 - the influence of age, gender and childhood caries prevalence

    AU - van Meurs, P.

    AU - Howard, K. E.

    AU - Versloot, J.

    AU - Veerkamp, J. S. J.

    AU - Freeman, R.

    PY - 2005/12

    Y1 - 2005/12

    N2 - Aim This was to investigate what coping strategies are used by children, the efficacy of these strategies and the influences of age, gender, dental anxiety, pain experience and childhood caries prevalence (place of residence) upon the efficacy of the coping strategies used by Dutch (NL) children in The Netherlands and Northern Ireland (NI). Methods Convenience samples of Dutch and NI children were taken and asked to fill out a coping questionnaire (Dental Cope Questionnaire) and an anxiety schedule (CFSS-DS). Data were entered onto a SPSS database and subjected to frequency distributions, Chi-square analysis, t-tests and analysis of variance. Results The children used a wide variety of coping strategies in dealing with pain in dentistry. The most frequently used and those reported to have the greatest efficacy by the children in this investigation were cognitively based strategies. Different strategies were used in relation to place of residence, age and level of dental anxiety. The variance in the number of strategies used was significantly explained by the experienced pain during dental treatment. The efficacy of the coping strategies used was significantly explained by level of dental anxiety. Conclusions Dental coping strategies used by children seem to vary with age, dental anxiety and pain experience. This information can help dental practitioners to adjust his or her treatment to the child’s emotional needs.

    AB - Aim This was to investigate what coping strategies are used by children, the efficacy of these strategies and the influences of age, gender, dental anxiety, pain experience and childhood caries prevalence (place of residence) upon the efficacy of the coping strategies used by Dutch (NL) children in The Netherlands and Northern Ireland (NI). Methods Convenience samples of Dutch and NI children were taken and asked to fill out a coping questionnaire (Dental Cope Questionnaire) and an anxiety schedule (CFSS-DS). Data were entered onto a SPSS database and subjected to frequency distributions, Chi-square analysis, t-tests and analysis of variance. Results The children used a wide variety of coping strategies in dealing with pain in dentistry. The most frequently used and those reported to have the greatest efficacy by the children in this investigation were cognitively based strategies. Different strategies were used in relation to place of residence, age and level of dental anxiety. The variance in the number of strategies used was significantly explained by the experienced pain during dental treatment. The efficacy of the coping strategies used was significantly explained by level of dental anxiety. Conclusions Dental coping strategies used by children seem to vary with age, dental anxiety and pain experience. This information can help dental practitioners to adjust his or her treatment to the child’s emotional needs.

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