Child Sexual Abuse in Pakistan Schools: A Non-Systematic Narrative Literature Review

Shumaira Rahim, Caitlin Bourgaize, Majid Khan, Laurie Matthew, Ian Barron (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)


    The current non-systematic narrative review of literature sought to explore the need for research into child sexual abuse (CSA) in Pakistan's schools. The limited literature that exists suggests that CSA is a pervasive problem in Pakistan as it is in neighboring India, and indeed, throughout the world. Government agencies and schools in Pakistan appear to be in their infancy in terms of recognizing and responding to CSA. High-profile media cases, however, have led to some promising child safety changes. The current narrative review identified the need for studies with methodological rigor to identify the nature and extent of children who have experienced CSA in Pakistan. Future studies also need to explore how best to conceptualize school-based abuse prevention in Pakistan. Recommendations are made for practice and research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)546-562
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
    Issue number5
    Early online date17 Mar 2021
    Publication statusPublished - 2021


    • CSA
    • incidence
    • prevalence
    • prevention

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
    • Clinical Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health


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