Children's "Euthanasia" in Nazi Germany

Susan Benedict, Linda Shields, Alison J. O'Donnell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Children with disabilities were killed during the Nazi era, often by nurses. Some nurses killed children, saying that they were under orders. Propaganda about the need for “racial purity” was all pervasive and influenced much of the population, including nurses. The German people accepted the “mercy” killing of children with disabilities. We describe the children's “euthanasia” program, explore the influence of propaganda, ask why it was acceptable to kill children, and provide historical context demonstrating “slippery slopes” which can lead to abrogation of ethical principles. Discussion of such history is essential as the ethical principles which were breached are still the cornerstone of nursing practice today. Only by openly discussing past wrongs can we attempt to ensure that they do not happen again. Archival documents from Germany and Israel, including trial depositions and transcripts, provided material, supplemented by secondary classic sources.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)506-516
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Pediatric Nursing
    Volume24
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

    Fingerprint

    National Socialism
    Euthanasia
    Propaganda
    Germany
    Disabled Children
    Nurses
    Israel
    Nursing
    History
    Population

    Keywords

    • History
    • Ethics
    • Euthanasia
    • Pediatrics

    Cite this

    Benedict, S., Shields, L., & O'Donnell, A. J. (2009). Children's "Euthanasia" in Nazi Germany. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 24(6), 506-516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2008.07.012
    Benedict, Susan ; Shields, Linda ; O'Donnell, Alison J. / Children's "Euthanasia" in Nazi Germany. In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2009 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 506-516.
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    Benedict, S, Shields, L & O'Donnell, AJ 2009, 'Children's "Euthanasia" in Nazi Germany', Journal of Pediatric Nursing, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 506-516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2008.07.012

    Children's "Euthanasia" in Nazi Germany. / Benedict, Susan; Shields, Linda; O'Donnell, Alison J.

    In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing, Vol. 24, No. 6, 12.2009, p. 506-516.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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