Children’s perception of visual and auditory ambiguity and its link to executive functions and creativity

Mihaela Taranu, Marina C. Wimmer (Lead / Corresponding author), Josephine Ross, Dávid Farkas, Raymond van Ee, István Winkler, Susan L. Denham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The phenomenon of perceptual bistability provides insights into aspects of perceptual processing not normally accessible to everyday experience. However, most experiments have been conducted in adults, and it is not clear to what extent key aspects of perceptual switching change through development. The current research examined the ability of 6-, 8-, and 10-year-old children (N = 66) to switch between competing percepts of ambiguous visual and auditory stimuli and links between switching rate, executive functions, and creativity. The numbers of switches participants reported in two visual tasks (ambiguous figure and ambiguous structure from motion) and two auditory tasks (verbal transformation and auditory streaming) were measured in three 60-s blocks. In addition, inhibitory control was measured with a Stroop task, set shifting was measured with a verbal fluency task, and creativity was measured with a divergent thinking task. The numbers of perceptual switches increased in all four tasks from 6 to 10 years of age but differed across tasks in that they were higher in the verbal transformation and ambigous structure-from-motion tasks than in the ambigous figure and auditory streaming tasks for all age groups. Although perceptual switching rates differed across tasks, there were predictive relationships between switching rates in some tasks. However, little evidence for the influence of central processes on perceptual switching was found. Overall, the results support the notion that perceptual switching is largely modality and task specific and that this property is already evident when perceptual switching emerges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-138
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume184
Early online date3 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Fingerprint

Auditory Perception
Visual Perception
Creativity
Executive Function
Aptitude
Age Groups
Research
Thinking

Keywords

  • Auditory bistability
  • Creativity
  • Executive functions
  • Perceptual bistability
  • Perceptual switching
  • Visual bistability

Cite this

Taranu, Mihaela ; Wimmer, Marina C. ; Ross, Josephine ; Farkas, Dávid ; van Ee, Raymond ; Winkler, István ; Denham, Susan L. / Children’s perception of visual and auditory ambiguity and its link to executive functions and creativity. In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2019 ; Vol. 184. pp. 123-138.
@article{7c73eda1ad844eb180da20db148326d6,
title = "Children’s perception of visual and auditory ambiguity and its link to executive functions and creativity",
abstract = "The phenomenon of perceptual bistability provides insights into aspects of perceptual processing not normally accessible to everyday experience. However, most experiments have been conducted in adults, and it is not clear to what extent key aspects of perceptual switching change through development. The current research examined the ability of 6-, 8-, and 10-year-old children (N = 66) to switch between competing percepts of ambiguous visual and auditory stimuli and links between switching rate, executive functions, and creativity. The numbers of switches participants reported in two visual tasks (ambiguous figure and ambiguous structure from motion) and two auditory tasks (verbal transformation and auditory streaming) were measured in three 60-s blocks. In addition, inhibitory control was measured with a Stroop task, set shifting was measured with a verbal fluency task, and creativity was measured with a divergent thinking task. The numbers of perceptual switches increased in all four tasks from 6 to 10 years of age but differed across tasks in that they were higher in the verbal transformation and ambigous structure-from-motion tasks than in the ambigous figure and auditory streaming tasks for all age groups. Although perceptual switching rates differed across tasks, there were predictive relationships between switching rates in some tasks. However, little evidence for the influence of central processes on perceptual switching was found. Overall, the results support the notion that perceptual switching is largely modality and task specific and that this property is already evident when perceptual switching emerges.",
keywords = "Auditory bistability, Creativity, Executive functions, Perceptual bistability, Perceptual switching, Visual bistability",
author = "Mihaela Taranu and Wimmer, {Marina C.} and Josephine Ross and D{\'a}vid Farkas and {van Ee}, Raymond and Istv{\'a}n Winkler and Denham, {Susan L.}",
note = "MT was supported by funding from the European Unions’s Marie Curie Initial Training Network, CogNovo; FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN-604764. RvE was supported by the EU HealthPac grant (awarded to J. van Opstal), by the Methusalem program of the Flemish Government (METH/14/02), awarded to J. Wagemans, and the Research Foundation Flanders. IW was supported by the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH K115385).",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jecp.2019.03.010",
language = "English",
volume = "184",
pages = "123--138",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Children’s perception of visual and auditory ambiguity and its link to executive functions and creativity. / Taranu, Mihaela; Wimmer, Marina C. (Lead / Corresponding author); Ross, Josephine; Farkas, Dávid; van Ee, Raymond; Winkler, István; Denham, Susan L.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 184, 01.08.2019, p. 123-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Children’s perception of visual and auditory ambiguity and its link to executive functions and creativity

AU - Taranu, Mihaela

AU - Wimmer, Marina C.

AU - Ross, Josephine

AU - Farkas, Dávid

AU - van Ee, Raymond

AU - Winkler, István

AU - Denham, Susan L.

N1 - MT was supported by funding from the European Unions’s Marie Curie Initial Training Network, CogNovo; FP7-PEOPLE-2013-ITN-604764. RvE was supported by the EU HealthPac grant (awarded to J. van Opstal), by the Methusalem program of the Flemish Government (METH/14/02), awarded to J. Wagemans, and the Research Foundation Flanders. IW was supported by the Hungarian National Research, Development and Innovation Office (NKFIH K115385).

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - The phenomenon of perceptual bistability provides insights into aspects of perceptual processing not normally accessible to everyday experience. However, most experiments have been conducted in adults, and it is not clear to what extent key aspects of perceptual switching change through development. The current research examined the ability of 6-, 8-, and 10-year-old children (N = 66) to switch between competing percepts of ambiguous visual and auditory stimuli and links between switching rate, executive functions, and creativity. The numbers of switches participants reported in two visual tasks (ambiguous figure and ambiguous structure from motion) and two auditory tasks (verbal transformation and auditory streaming) were measured in three 60-s blocks. In addition, inhibitory control was measured with a Stroop task, set shifting was measured with a verbal fluency task, and creativity was measured with a divergent thinking task. The numbers of perceptual switches increased in all four tasks from 6 to 10 years of age but differed across tasks in that they were higher in the verbal transformation and ambigous structure-from-motion tasks than in the ambigous figure and auditory streaming tasks for all age groups. Although perceptual switching rates differed across tasks, there were predictive relationships between switching rates in some tasks. However, little evidence for the influence of central processes on perceptual switching was found. Overall, the results support the notion that perceptual switching is largely modality and task specific and that this property is already evident when perceptual switching emerges.

AB - The phenomenon of perceptual bistability provides insights into aspects of perceptual processing not normally accessible to everyday experience. However, most experiments have been conducted in adults, and it is not clear to what extent key aspects of perceptual switching change through development. The current research examined the ability of 6-, 8-, and 10-year-old children (N = 66) to switch between competing percepts of ambiguous visual and auditory stimuli and links between switching rate, executive functions, and creativity. The numbers of switches participants reported in two visual tasks (ambiguous figure and ambiguous structure from motion) and two auditory tasks (verbal transformation and auditory streaming) were measured in three 60-s blocks. In addition, inhibitory control was measured with a Stroop task, set shifting was measured with a verbal fluency task, and creativity was measured with a divergent thinking task. The numbers of perceptual switches increased in all four tasks from 6 to 10 years of age but differed across tasks in that they were higher in the verbal transformation and ambigous structure-from-motion tasks than in the ambigous figure and auditory streaming tasks for all age groups. Although perceptual switching rates differed across tasks, there were predictive relationships between switching rates in some tasks. However, little evidence for the influence of central processes on perceptual switching was found. Overall, the results support the notion that perceptual switching is largely modality and task specific and that this property is already evident when perceptual switching emerges.

KW - Auditory bistability

KW - Creativity

KW - Executive functions

KW - Perceptual bistability

KW - Perceptual switching

KW - Visual bistability

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064675167&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecp.2019.03.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jecp.2019.03.010

M3 - Article

VL - 184

SP - 123

EP - 138

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

ER -