Cleft lip and palate care in the United Kingdom - The Clinical Standards Advisory Group (CSAG) Study. Part 3: Speech outcomes

Debbie Sell, Pamela Grunwell, Sue Mildinhall, Terrie Murphy, Tremaine A.O. Cornish, David Bearn, William C. Shaw, John J. Murray, Alison C. Williams, Jonathan R. Sandy

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111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To summarize speech outcomes in children born with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) throughout the United Kingdom. Design: Prospective descriptive study on a cross-sectional sample of children. Patients/Participants: Data were collected for 238 5-year-olds (born between April 1, 1989, and March 31, 1991) and 218 12-year-olds (born between April 1, 1982, and March 31, 1984) with complete UCLP. Main Outcomes: Ratings of intelligibility, nasality, "speech cleft type characteristics" and speech therapy intervention. Conclusions: Nineteen percent of 5-year-olds and 4% of 12-year-olds were judged to be impossible to understand or just intelligible to strangers. Thirty-four percent of 5-year-olds and 17% of 12-year-olds had at least one serious error of consonant production. Eighteen percent of 5-year-olds and 12-year-olds had consistent hypernasality of mild, moderate, or severe degree. Approximately two-thirds of both age groups had undergone speech therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalCleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2001

Keywords

  • Speech
  • Unilateral cleft lip and palate

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    Sell, D., Grunwell, P., Mildinhall, S., Murphy, T., Cornish, T. A. O., Bearn, D., Shaw, W. C., Murray, J. J., Williams, A. C., & Sandy, J. R. (2001). Cleft lip and palate care in the United Kingdom - The Clinical Standards Advisory Group (CSAG) Study. Part 3: Speech outcomes. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 38(1), 30-37. https://doi.org/10.1597/1545-1569_2001_038_0030_clapci_2.0.co_2