Click-chemistry mediated synthesis of OTBN-1,2,3-Triazole derivatives exhibiting STK33 inhibition with diverse anti-cancer activities

Disha P. Vala, Amy Dunne Miller, Aditi Atmasidha, Mehul P. Parmar, Chirag D. Patel, Dipti B. Upadhyay, Savan S. Bhalodiya, Aday González-Bakker, Adam N. Khan, Joaquina Nogales, José M. Padrón, Sourav Banerjee (Lead / Corresponding author), Hitendra M. Patel (Lead / Corresponding author)

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Abstract

There is a continuous and pressing need to establish new brain-penetrant bioactive compounds with anti-cancer properties. To this end, a new series of 4′-((4-substituted-4,5-dihydro-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)methyl)-[1,1′-biphenyl]-2-carbonitrile (OTBN-1,2,3-triazole) derivatives were synthesized by click chemistry. The series of bioactive compounds were designed and synthesized from diverse alkynes and N3-OTBN, using copper (II) acetate monohydrate in aqueous dimethylformamide at room temperature. Besides being highly cost-effective and significantly reducing synthesis, the reaction yielded 91–98 % of the target products without the need of any additional steps or chromatographic techniques. Two analogues exhibit promising anti-cancer biological activities. Analogue 4l shows highly specific cytostatic activity against lung cancer cells, while analogue 4k exhibits pan-cancer anti-growth activity. A kinase screen suggests compound 4k has single-digit micromolar activity against kinase STK33. High STK33 RNA expression correlates strongly with poorer patient outcomes in both adult and pediatric glioma. Compound 4k potently inhibits cell proliferation, invasion, and 3D neurosphere formation in primary patient-derived glioma cell lines. The observed anti-cancer activity is enhanced in combination with specific clinically relevant small molecule inhibitors. Herein we establish a novel biochemical kinase inhibitory function for click-chemistry-derived OTBN-1,2,3-triazole analogues and further report their anti-cancer activity in vitro for the first time.
Original languageEnglish
Article number107485
Number of pages11
JournalBioorganic chemistry
Volume149
Early online date25 May 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 May 2024

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