Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems

A. T. Williams, R. W. Duck, M. R. Phillips

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Eleven Scottish dune systems were investigated as to their vulnerability with respect to management procedures. Analysis consisted of the structured use of a rating scheme to assess the environmental conditions and range of protection measures at each site. A 54 parameter checklist was utilised to assess Site and Dune Morphology (8 parameters); B) Beach Condition (9); C) Surface Character of the Seaward 200 m of Dune System (12); D) Pressure of Use (14) and E) Recent Protection Measures (11). The percentage of the maximum possible rating for each category was calculated and summation of the 43 parameter ratings A) to D) provides a Vulnerability Index (VI), which ranged from 40% at Gaineamh Mhor to 55% at Calgary Bay. The percentage score for the 11 parameters in category E) gives a Protection Measure Index (PM), which ranged from 18% at Breckon to 73% at Culzean. Systems with a VI/PM ratio in the range 0.8-1.3 are regarded as having an equilibrium relationship between vulnerability and protection; sites with values 1.3 (e.g. Ardalanish) are out of equilibrium (negative), i.e. they are under protected. Alternatively, a descriptive categorisation can be derived: I. Low Vulnerability - Low Management Response; II. High Vulnerability - High Management Response; III. Low Vulnerability - High Management Response; IV. High Vulnerability - Low Management Response. The approaches mentioned improve objectivity in dune vulnerability measurement and provides a useful basis for proactive management.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1263-1267
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Coastal Research
    Issue numberSPEC. ISSUE 64
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

    Fingerprint

    dune
    vulnerability
    beach
    environmental conditions
    index
    parameter

    Cite this

    Williams, A. T., Duck, R. W., & Phillips, M. R. (2011). Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems. Journal of Coastal Research, (SPEC. ISSUE 64), 1263-1267.
    Williams, A. T. ; Duck, R. W. ; Phillips, M. R. / Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems. In: Journal of Coastal Research. 2011 ; No. SPEC. ISSUE 64. pp. 1263-1267.
    @article{9d681fb1ad2f4a6d81496cc1e0f91358,
    title = "Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems",
    abstract = "Eleven Scottish dune systems were investigated as to their vulnerability with respect to management procedures. Analysis consisted of the structured use of a rating scheme to assess the environmental conditions and range of protection measures at each site. A 54 parameter checklist was utilised to assess Site and Dune Morphology (8 parameters); B) Beach Condition (9); C) Surface Character of the Seaward 200 m of Dune System (12); D) Pressure of Use (14) and E) Recent Protection Measures (11). The percentage of the maximum possible rating for each category was calculated and summation of the 43 parameter ratings A) to D) provides a Vulnerability Index (VI), which ranged from 40{\%} at Gaineamh Mhor to 55{\%} at Calgary Bay. The percentage score for the 11 parameters in category E) gives a Protection Measure Index (PM), which ranged from 18{\%} at Breckon to 73{\%} at Culzean. Systems with a VI/PM ratio in the range 0.8-1.3 are regarded as having an equilibrium relationship between vulnerability and protection; sites with values 1.3 (e.g. Ardalanish) are out of equilibrium (negative), i.e. they are under protected. Alternatively, a descriptive categorisation can be derived: I. Low Vulnerability - Low Management Response; II. High Vulnerability - High Management Response; III. Low Vulnerability - High Management Response; IV. High Vulnerability - Low Management Response. The approaches mentioned improve objectivity in dune vulnerability measurement and provides a useful basis for proactive management.",
    author = "Williams, {A. T.} and Duck, {R. W.} and Phillips, {M. R.}",
    note = "Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.",
    year = "2011",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    language = "English",
    pages = "1263--1267",
    journal = "Journal of Coastal Research",
    issn = "0749-0208",
    publisher = "Coastal Education and Research Foundation",
    number = "SPEC. ISSUE 64",

    }

    Williams, AT, Duck, RW & Phillips, MR 2011, 'Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems', Journal of Coastal Research, no. SPEC. ISSUE 64, pp. 1263-1267.

    Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems. / Williams, A. T.; Duck, R. W.; Phillips, M. R.

    In: Journal of Coastal Research, No. SPEC. ISSUE 64, 01.01.2011, p. 1263-1267.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems

    AU - Williams, A. T.

    AU - Duck, R. W.

    AU - Phillips, M. R.

    N1 - Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    PY - 2011/1/1

    Y1 - 2011/1/1

    N2 - Eleven Scottish dune systems were investigated as to their vulnerability with respect to management procedures. Analysis consisted of the structured use of a rating scheme to assess the environmental conditions and range of protection measures at each site. A 54 parameter checklist was utilised to assess Site and Dune Morphology (8 parameters); B) Beach Condition (9); C) Surface Character of the Seaward 200 m of Dune System (12); D) Pressure of Use (14) and E) Recent Protection Measures (11). The percentage of the maximum possible rating for each category was calculated and summation of the 43 parameter ratings A) to D) provides a Vulnerability Index (VI), which ranged from 40% at Gaineamh Mhor to 55% at Calgary Bay. The percentage score for the 11 parameters in category E) gives a Protection Measure Index (PM), which ranged from 18% at Breckon to 73% at Culzean. Systems with a VI/PM ratio in the range 0.8-1.3 are regarded as having an equilibrium relationship between vulnerability and protection; sites with values 1.3 (e.g. Ardalanish) are out of equilibrium (negative), i.e. they are under protected. Alternatively, a descriptive categorisation can be derived: I. Low Vulnerability - Low Management Response; II. High Vulnerability - High Management Response; III. Low Vulnerability - High Management Response; IV. High Vulnerability - Low Management Response. The approaches mentioned improve objectivity in dune vulnerability measurement and provides a useful basis for proactive management.

    AB - Eleven Scottish dune systems were investigated as to their vulnerability with respect to management procedures. Analysis consisted of the structured use of a rating scheme to assess the environmental conditions and range of protection measures at each site. A 54 parameter checklist was utilised to assess Site and Dune Morphology (8 parameters); B) Beach Condition (9); C) Surface Character of the Seaward 200 m of Dune System (12); D) Pressure of Use (14) and E) Recent Protection Measures (11). The percentage of the maximum possible rating for each category was calculated and summation of the 43 parameter ratings A) to D) provides a Vulnerability Index (VI), which ranged from 40% at Gaineamh Mhor to 55% at Calgary Bay. The percentage score for the 11 parameters in category E) gives a Protection Measure Index (PM), which ranged from 18% at Breckon to 73% at Culzean. Systems with a VI/PM ratio in the range 0.8-1.3 are regarded as having an equilibrium relationship between vulnerability and protection; sites with values 1.3 (e.g. Ardalanish) are out of equilibrium (negative), i.e. they are under protected. Alternatively, a descriptive categorisation can be derived: I. Low Vulnerability - Low Management Response; II. High Vulnerability - High Management Response; III. Low Vulnerability - High Management Response; IV. High Vulnerability - Low Management Response. The approaches mentioned improve objectivity in dune vulnerability measurement and provides a useful basis for proactive management.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84857389431&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Article

    SP - 1263

    EP - 1267

    JO - Journal of Coastal Research

    JF - Journal of Coastal Research

    SN - 0749-0208

    IS - SPEC. ISSUE 64

    ER -

    Williams AT, Duck RW, Phillips MR. Coastal dune vulnerability among selected Scottish systems. Journal of Coastal Research. 2011 Jan 1;(SPEC. ISSUE 64):1263-1267.