Colonization, Penetration and Transformation of Manganese Oxide Nodules by Aspergillus niger

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Abstract

In this study, the ability of the geoactive fungus Aspergillus niger to colonize and transform manganese nodules from the Clarion-Clipperton Zone in both solid and liquid media was investigated. Aspergillus niger was able to colonize and penetrate manganese nodules embedded in solid medium and effect extensive transformation of the mineral in both fragmented and powder forms, precipitating manganese and calcium oxalates. Transformation of manganese nodule powder also occurred in a liquid medium in which A. niger was able to remove the fine particles from suspension which were accumulated within the central region of the resulting mycelial pellets and transformed into manganese oxalate dihydrate (lindbergite) and calcium oxalate dihydrate (weddellite). These findings contribute to an understanding of environmental processes involving insoluble manganese oxides, with practical relevance to chemoorganotrophic mineral bioprocessing applications, and, to the best of our knowledge, represent the first demonstration of fundamental direct and indirect interactions between geoactive fungi and manganese nodules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1821-1832
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Microbiology
Volume21
Issue number5
Early online date18 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2019

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