Combination of cardiac progenitor cells from the right atrium and left ventricle exhibits synergistic paracrine effects in vitro

Ryan McQuaig, Parul Dixit, Atsushi Yamauchi, Isabelle van Hout, Jayanthi Bellae Papannarao, Richard Bunton, Dominic Parry, Philip Davis, Rajesh Katare (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiovascular diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, remain the most common cause of death worldwide. Regenerative medicine with stem cell therapy is a promising tool for cardiac repair. Combination of different cell types has been shown to improve the therapeutic potential, which is thought to be due to synergistic or complimentary reparative effects. We investigated if the combination of cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) of right atrial appendage (RAA) and left ventricle (LV) that are isolated from the same patient exert synergistic or complimentary paracrine effects for apoptotic cell death and angiogenesis in an in vitro model. Flow cytometry analysis showed that both RAA and LV CPCs expressed the mesenchymal cell markers CD90 and CD105, and were predominantly negative for the hematopoietic cell marker, CD34. Analysis of conditioned media (CM) collected from the CPCs cultured either alone or in combination in serum-deprived hypoxic conditions to simulate ischemia showed marked increase in the level of pro-survival hepatocyte growth factor and pro-angiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor-A in the combined RAA and LV CPC group. Next, to determine the therapeutic potential of CM, AC16 human ventricular cardiomyocytes and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with CM. Results showed a significant reduction in hypoxia-induced apoptosis of human cardiomyocytes treated with CM collected from combined RAA and LV CPC group. Similarly, matrigel assay showed a significantly increased tube length formed by HUVECs when treated with CM from combined RAA and LV CPC group. Our study provided evidence that the combination of RAA CPCs and LV CPCs may have superior therapeutic effects due to synergistic paracrine effects for cardiac repair. Therefore, in vivo studies are warranted to determine if a combination of different stem cell types have greater therapeutic potential than single-cell therapies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCell Transplantation
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2020


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