Comparative structural, kinetic and inhibitor studies of Trypanosoma brucei trypanothione reductase with T-cruzi

Deuan C. Jones, Antonio Ariza, Wing-Huen A. Chow, Sandra L. Oza, Alan H. Fairlamb

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    45 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    As part of a drug discovery programme to discover new treatments for human African trypanosomiasis, recombinant trypanothione reductase from Trypanosoma brucei has been expressed, purified and characterized. The crystal structure was solved by molecular replacement to a resolution of 2.3 A and found to be nearly identical to the T cruzi enzyme (root mean square deviation 0.6A over 482 C alpha atoms). Kinetically, the Km for trypanothione disulphide for the T. brucei enzyme was 4.4-fold lower than for T cruzi measured by either direct (NADPH oxidation) or DTNB-coupled assay. The Km for NADPH for the T brucei enzyme was found to be 0.77 mu M using an NADPH-regenerating system coupled to reduction of DTNB. Both enzymes were assayed for inhibition at their respective S = K-m values for trypanothione disulphide using a range of chemotypes, including CNS-active drugs such as clomipramine, trifluoperazine, thioridazine and citalopram. The relative IC50 values for the two enzymes were found to vary by no more than 3-fold. Thus trypanothione reductases from these species are highly similar in all aspects, indicating that they may be used interchangeably for structure-based inhibitor design and high-throughput screening. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12-19
    Number of pages8
    JournalMolecular and Biochemical Parasitology
    Volume169
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • Trypanothione metabolism
    • Trypanosome
    • Thiol
    • Enzymology
    • Drug discovery
    • CRITHIDIA-FASCICULATA
    • GLUTATHIONE-REDUCTASE
    • DRUG DISCOVERY
    • PURIFICATION
    • PHENOTHIAZINES
    • SENSITIVITY
    • METABOLISM
    • DISEASES
    • ENZYME
    • ASSAYS

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