Compromised periodontal status in an urban Sri Lankan population with type 2 diabetes

Philip M. Preshaw, Nimali De Silva, Giles I. McCracken, Devaka J.S. Fernando, Caroline F. Dalton, Nick D. Steen, Peter A. Heasman (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To determine the prevalence of periodontitis in an urban population of Sri Lankans with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and to compare the data with those from a population of adults without diabetes. Methods: Demographic data and a diabetes profile were recorded for a population of urban Sri Lankan adults with T2DM including duration of diabetes, blood pressure; percentage glycosylated haemoglobin, fasting blood glucose level, total cholesterol; triglycerides, low- and high-density lipoproteins. The clinical examination comprised an oral soft tissue examination, full-mouth probing depths (PD), gingival recession (GR), clinical attachment levels and bleeding on probing (BoP). Results: Two hundred and eighty-five individuals with T2DM and 72 controls were examined. 33.3% of T2DM patients were diagnosed with chronic periodontitis compared with 21.7% of controls (p=0.077). Subjects with T2DM had significantly more sites with PD≥4 and ≥5 mm (p<0.01), and higher mean GR and BoP scores (p<0.01). Conclusion: This urban Sri Lankan population of subjects with T2DM demonstrated a compromised periodontal status compared with non-diabetic controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Issue number2
Early online date7 Jan 2010
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


  • Periodontitis
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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