Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy for depression and anxiety with older people: a pilot study to examine patient acceptability and treatment outcome

William McMurchie, Fiona Macleod, Kevin Power, Ken Laidlaw, Neil Prentice

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: The study objective was to determine the acceptability and treatment outcome of using Beating the Blues (BTB) with older people (65+ years). Specific aims included identifying the treatment uptake and drop-out rate, and describing the role of basic demographics in therapy uptake.
    Method: Fifty-eight participants, experiencing symptoms of depression, were given a free choice of receiving treatment as usual (TAU) plus BTB (TAU + BTB) or TAU alone. All participants completed demographic questionnaires and a range of outcome measures at baseline, 2months after baseline (end of treatment) and 3 months after baseline (follow-up).
    Results: Thirty-three participants (56.9%) opted to receive BTB and reported having more experience and confidence using a computer than those who declined BTB. Twenty-four participants (72.7%) went on to complete all eight BTB sessions. Statistical analysis found significant differences between the two treatment groups, with the TAU + BTB group showing greater improvements in their symptoms of depression and anxiety than the TAU group by the end of treatment and at follow-up. Furthermore, the TAU + BTB group had a significantly higher percentage of participants who met criteria for clinically significant improvement in their symptoms of depression by the end of treatment and at follow-up.
    Conclusion: Although further research is required, including a randomised controlled trial, the results of this initial pilot study provide evidence that BTB may offer an acceptable and effective treatment option for older people.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1147-1156
    Number of pages10
    JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
    Volume28
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

    Keywords

    • Aged
    • Aged, 80 and over
    • Analysis of Variance
    • Anxiety Disorders
    • Attitude to Computers
    • Cognitive Therapy
    • Depressive Disorder
    • Female
    • Humans
    • Male
    • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
    • Patient Dropouts
    • Pilot Projects
    • Questionnaires
    • Therapy, Computer-Assisted

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