Conceptualising Co-creative Planning Pedagogies: The Community Knowledge Triangle

Lilian van Karnenbeek (Lead / Corresponding author), Leonie Janssen-Jansen, Deborah Peel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Co-creation has emerged as a hot topic in contemporary planning pedagogies. Co-creation is seen as advancing the mutual exchange of knowledge between various actors in an educational setting. Despite the growing interest in co-creation in planning pedagogies, the potential types and flows of knowledge between learning communities are weakly conceptualised. This article proposes the community knowledge triangle as a fitting conceptual tool for understanding mutual knowledge exchange relations in co-creative settings. The triangle was utilised in a planning course to unpack the co-creative logic. The results showed that academics, practitioners and students exchanged knowledge in multiple directions, yet not in a reciprocal relationship.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)446-463
Number of pages18
JournalPlanning Practice and Research
Issue number4
Early online date25 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • co-creation
  • knowledge exchange
  • learning community
  • pedagogy
  • Planning education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development


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