Constipation during pregnancy

dietary fibre intake and the effect of fibre supplementation

Annie S. Anderson, M. J. Whichelow

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Forty women who complained of constipation during the third trimester of pregnancy completed 14-day weighed diet records and bowel function charts over a 4-week period. After 2 weeks of baseline observation the women were randomly allocated into three groups which were asked to take 10 g dietary fibre supplements per day in the form of either a corn-based biscuit (Group A), or as wheat bran (Gp B), or to continue without intervention (Gp C). Mean (+/- s.e.m.) daily dietary fibre intake in the first 2 weeks was similar to that in the general population, at 20.4 +/- 1.2 g, for the whole group, and 21.1 +/- 1.6 g for the 26 women who said they had already increased their dietary fibre intakes in attempts to relieve their symptoms. In the final 2 weeks changes in fibre intakes were: Gp A, mean increase 7.2 +/- 1.0 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp B, mean increase 9.1 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp C mean decrease 3.50 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.005). These changes were accompanied by an increase in the number of bowel movements and a change to a softer stool consistency in Gps A and B, with no changes in number of bowel movements or stool consistency in Gp C.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)202-207
    Number of pages6
    JournalHuman Nutrition : Applied Nutrition
    Volume39
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1985

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    Dietary Fiber
    Constipation
    Pregnancy
    Diet Records
    Third Pregnancy Trimester
    Dietary Supplements
    Zea mays
    Observation
    Population

    Cite this

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    title = "Constipation during pregnancy: dietary fibre intake and the effect of fibre supplementation",
    abstract = "Forty women who complained of constipation during the third trimester of pregnancy completed 14-day weighed diet records and bowel function charts over a 4-week period. After 2 weeks of baseline observation the women were randomly allocated into three groups which were asked to take 10 g dietary fibre supplements per day in the form of either a corn-based biscuit (Group A), or as wheat bran (Gp B), or to continue without intervention (Gp C). Mean (+/- s.e.m.) daily dietary fibre intake in the first 2 weeks was similar to that in the general population, at 20.4 +/- 1.2 g, for the whole group, and 21.1 +/- 1.6 g for the 26 women who said they had already increased their dietary fibre intakes in attempts to relieve their symptoms. In the final 2 weeks changes in fibre intakes were: Gp A, mean increase 7.2 +/- 1.0 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp B, mean increase 9.1 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp C mean decrease 3.50 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.005). These changes were accompanied by an increase in the number of bowel movements and a change to a softer stool consistency in Gps A and B, with no changes in number of bowel movements or stool consistency in Gp C.",
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    year = "1985",
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    Constipation during pregnancy : dietary fibre intake and the effect of fibre supplementation. / Anderson, Annie S.; Whichelow, M. J.

    In: Human Nutrition : Applied Nutrition, Vol. 39, No. 3, 1985, p. 202-207.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Constipation during pregnancy

    T2 - dietary fibre intake and the effect of fibre supplementation

    AU - Anderson, Annie S.

    AU - Whichelow, M. J.

    PY - 1985

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    N2 - Forty women who complained of constipation during the third trimester of pregnancy completed 14-day weighed diet records and bowel function charts over a 4-week period. After 2 weeks of baseline observation the women were randomly allocated into three groups which were asked to take 10 g dietary fibre supplements per day in the form of either a corn-based biscuit (Group A), or as wheat bran (Gp B), or to continue without intervention (Gp C). Mean (+/- s.e.m.) daily dietary fibre intake in the first 2 weeks was similar to that in the general population, at 20.4 +/- 1.2 g, for the whole group, and 21.1 +/- 1.6 g for the 26 women who said they had already increased their dietary fibre intakes in attempts to relieve their symptoms. In the final 2 weeks changes in fibre intakes were: Gp A, mean increase 7.2 +/- 1.0 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp B, mean increase 9.1 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp C mean decrease 3.50 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.005). These changes were accompanied by an increase in the number of bowel movements and a change to a softer stool consistency in Gps A and B, with no changes in number of bowel movements or stool consistency in Gp C.

    AB - Forty women who complained of constipation during the third trimester of pregnancy completed 14-day weighed diet records and bowel function charts over a 4-week period. After 2 weeks of baseline observation the women were randomly allocated into three groups which were asked to take 10 g dietary fibre supplements per day in the form of either a corn-based biscuit (Group A), or as wheat bran (Gp B), or to continue without intervention (Gp C). Mean (+/- s.e.m.) daily dietary fibre intake in the first 2 weeks was similar to that in the general population, at 20.4 +/- 1.2 g, for the whole group, and 21.1 +/- 1.6 g for the 26 women who said they had already increased their dietary fibre intakes in attempts to relieve their symptoms. In the final 2 weeks changes in fibre intakes were: Gp A, mean increase 7.2 +/- 1.0 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp B, mean increase 9.1 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.001); Gp C mean decrease 3.50 +/- 1.6 g per day (P less than 0.005). These changes were accompanied by an increase in the number of bowel movements and a change to a softer stool consistency in Gps A and B, with no changes in number of bowel movements or stool consistency in Gp C.

    M3 - Article

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    JO - Human Nutrition : Applied Nutrition

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