Control of amino-acid transport coordinates metabolic reprogramming in T cell malignancy

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Abstract

This study explores the regulation and importance of System L amino acid transport in a murine model of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) caused by deletion of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN). There has been a strong focus on glucose transport in leukemias but the present data show that primary T-ALL cells have increased transport of multiple nutrients. Specifically, increased leucine transport in T-ALL fuels mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity which then sustains expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) and c-Myc; drivers of glucose metabolism in T cells. A key finding is that PTEN deletion and phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) accumulation is insufficient to initiate leucine uptake, mTORC1 activity, HIF1α or c-Myc expression in T cells and hence cannot drive T-ALL metabolic reprogramming. Instead, a key regulator for leucine transport in T-ALL is identified as NOTCH. Mass spectrometry based proteomics identifies SLC7A5 as the predominant amino acid transporter in primary PTEN(-/-) T-ALL cells. Importantly, expression of SLC7A5 is critical for the malignant transformation induced by PTEN deletion. These data reveal the importance of regulated amino acid transport for T cell malignancies, highlighting how a single amino acid transporter can play a key role.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 26 May 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.160.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2771-2779
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia
Volume31
Early online date26 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2017

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Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
T-Lymphocytes
Amino Acids
Large Neutral Amino Acid-Transporter 1
Leucine
Amino Acid Transport Systems
Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1
Neoplasms
Amino Acid Transport System L
Leukemia
Glucose
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Proteomics
Mass Spectrometry
Food

Cite this

@article{a3b68f26395d4e6dabeb4a64cc46e343,
title = "Control of amino-acid transport coordinates metabolic reprogramming in T cell malignancy",
abstract = "This study explores the regulation and importance of System L amino acid transport in a murine model of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) caused by deletion of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN). There has been a strong focus on glucose transport in leukemias but the present data show that primary T-ALL cells have increased transport of multiple nutrients. Specifically, increased leucine transport in T-ALL fuels mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity which then sustains expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) and c-Myc; drivers of glucose metabolism in T cells. A key finding is that PTEN deletion and phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) accumulation is insufficient to initiate leucine uptake, mTORC1 activity, HIF1α or c-Myc expression in T cells and hence cannot drive T-ALL metabolic reprogramming. Instead, a key regulator for leucine transport in T-ALL is identified as NOTCH. Mass spectrometry based proteomics identifies SLC7A5 as the predominant amino acid transporter in primary PTEN(-/-) T-ALL cells. Importantly, expression of SLC7A5 is critical for the malignant transformation induced by PTEN deletion. These data reveal the importance of regulated amino acid transport for T cell malignancies, highlighting how a single amino acid transporter can play a key role.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 26 May 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.160.",
author = "Grzes, {Katarzyna M.} and Mahima Swamy and Hukelmann, {Jens L.} and Elizabeth Emslie and Sinclair, {Linda V.} and Cantrell, {Doreen A.}",
note = "Supported by the Wellcome Trust (Principal Research Fellowship 097418/Z/11/Z to D.A.C.).",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
day = "26",
doi = "10.1038/leu.2017.160",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "2771--2779",
journal = "Leukemia",
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T1 - Control of amino-acid transport coordinates metabolic reprogramming in T cell malignancy

AU - Grzes, Katarzyna M.

AU - Swamy, Mahima

AU - Hukelmann, Jens L.

AU - Emslie, Elizabeth

AU - Sinclair, Linda V.

AU - Cantrell, Doreen A.

N1 - Supported by the Wellcome Trust (Principal Research Fellowship 097418/Z/11/Z to D.A.C.).

PY - 2017/5/26

Y1 - 2017/5/26

N2 - This study explores the regulation and importance of System L amino acid transport in a murine model of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) caused by deletion of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN). There has been a strong focus on glucose transport in leukemias but the present data show that primary T-ALL cells have increased transport of multiple nutrients. Specifically, increased leucine transport in T-ALL fuels mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity which then sustains expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) and c-Myc; drivers of glucose metabolism in T cells. A key finding is that PTEN deletion and phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) accumulation is insufficient to initiate leucine uptake, mTORC1 activity, HIF1α or c-Myc expression in T cells and hence cannot drive T-ALL metabolic reprogramming. Instead, a key regulator for leucine transport in T-ALL is identified as NOTCH. Mass spectrometry based proteomics identifies SLC7A5 as the predominant amino acid transporter in primary PTEN(-/-) T-ALL cells. Importantly, expression of SLC7A5 is critical for the malignant transformation induced by PTEN deletion. These data reveal the importance of regulated amino acid transport for T cell malignancies, highlighting how a single amino acid transporter can play a key role.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 26 May 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.160.

AB - This study explores the regulation and importance of System L amino acid transport in a murine model of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) caused by deletion of phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN). There has been a strong focus on glucose transport in leukemias but the present data show that primary T-ALL cells have increased transport of multiple nutrients. Specifically, increased leucine transport in T-ALL fuels mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity which then sustains expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) and c-Myc; drivers of glucose metabolism in T cells. A key finding is that PTEN deletion and phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) accumulation is insufficient to initiate leucine uptake, mTORC1 activity, HIF1α or c-Myc expression in T cells and hence cannot drive T-ALL metabolic reprogramming. Instead, a key regulator for leucine transport in T-ALL is identified as NOTCH. Mass spectrometry based proteomics identifies SLC7A5 as the predominant amino acid transporter in primary PTEN(-/-) T-ALL cells. Importantly, expression of SLC7A5 is critical for the malignant transformation induced by PTEN deletion. These data reveal the importance of regulated amino acid transport for T cell malignancies, highlighting how a single amino acid transporter can play a key role.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 26 May 2017. doi:10.1038/leu.2017.160.

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