Coping Strategies among Pakistani Elderly: Coping in Everyday Life and in Stressful Conditions

Aaqib Shahzad Alvi, Maliha Gull Tarar, Rana Imran Ahmed, Timothy Kelly

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    Abstract

    The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to probe into the coping strategies adopted by the elderly residing in community in the everyday life and stressful conditions. Interview schedule was used as the tool of data collection. Equal representation was given to elderly male and female in sample of 624 elderly aged 60+ using multi stage sampling technique. The results show that majority of the respondents used company of age fellows, household duties, and prayer as coping strategies to deal with the routine life disengagement. In case of illness, loss of roles and status, stress, misbehaviour of family and in problematic situation, majority of the respondents reported the involvement in emotional coping like aggressive behaviour, isolation, depressedfeeling, restricted family interaction, seekingsocial support and remainingsilent to compromise the situation, while a small fractionadopted problem solving coping. Moreover,the finding of study revealed that female elderly are usingmoreemotional coping thanmale elderly;theyare more prone to the spiritual coping (recitation of Holly Quran, offer prayers) to seeksocial support
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)737-749
    Number of pages13
    JournalPalArch's Journal of Archaeology of Egypt/Egyptology
    Volume18
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2021

    Keywords

    • coping strategies,
    • Elderly
    • Stressful Conditions
    • Gender differences
    • Emotional Coping
    • problem solving

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