The evolution of the solar corona is dominated to a large extent by the hugely complicated magnetic field which threads it. Magnetic topology provides a tool to decipher the structure of this field and thus help to understand its behaviour. Usually, the magnetic topology of a potential field is calculated due to flux sources on a locally planar photospheric surface. We use a Green's function method to extend this theory to sources on a global spherical surface. The case of two bipolar flux-balanced source regions is studied in detail, with an emphasis on how the distribution and relative strengths of the source regions affect the resulting topological states. A new state with two spatially distinct separators connecting the same two magnetic null points, called the “dual intersecting“ state, is discovered.
- Magnetic topology
- Solar corona