Correlates of Patients’ Preference for Therapeutic Injections in a Major Regional Referral Hospital in Ghana: Implications for Policy and Clinical Practice

Robert Kaba Alhassan (Lead / Corresponding author), Bismark Appiah Adu-Gyamfi, Agbolosu Oliver, Bright Ayensu, Gbekor Awoenam, Owusu Angela, Edward Nketiah-Amponsah, Prudence P. Mwini-Nyaledzigbor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Abuse of injections, particularly in resource poor countries, remains a challenge evident in the increasing preference for therapeutic injections over oral medication. Objective of this study is to explore factors associated with patients’ preference for therapeutic injection over oral medication in the Volta Regional Hospital, Ho in Ghana. The study is a cross-sectional survey conducted among 200 patients accessing care in Volta Regional Hospital. Data were analyzed using STATA statistical software for data analysis. Univariate probit regression was used to ascertain factors associated with patients’ preference for therapeutic injections over oral medication (main outcome variable of interest). It was found that 74% of the 200 respondents preferred injection to oral medication. More outpatients preferred injectable medication over oral (p = .041); 86% of the respondents said they never experienced complication related to injectable medication. Patients who perceived injection as more efficacious were more likely to opt for it over oral medication (coefficient = 2.22; SE = 0.33; p < .05). It is concluded that patients’ preference for injectable medication over oral remains high in Ghana, and this preference is significantly associated with patients’ perceptions on superiority of injections over oral medication. There is the need to intensify health education for clients and in-service trainings for health providers to control abuse of therapeutic injections and promote patient safety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalSAGE Open
Volume8
Issue number4
Early online date8 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

Keywords

  • therapeutic injection
  • patients
  • preference
  • nursing
  • oral medication
  • Volta Regional Hospital
  • Ho
  • policy
  • clinical practice
  • Ghana

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