Correlation of fluvial sequences in the Mediterranean basin over the last 200 ka and their relationship to climate change

M. G. Macklin, I. C. Fuller, J. Lewin, G. S. Maas, D. G. Passmore, J. Rose, J. C. Woodward, S. Black, R. H. B. Hamlin, J. S. Rowan

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    167 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper presents a new correlation of Late and Middle Pleistocene fluvial sedimentary sequences in Greek, Libyan and Spanish river basins and evaluates river response to climate change over the Last Interglacial–Glacial Cycle. Over the past 200,000 years there have been at least 13 major alluviation episodes in the Mediterranean, although the amplitude, frequency and possibly, duration of these events varied significantly across the region. Parts of Oxygen Isotope Stage (OIS) 5 appears to have been periods of pronounced landscape change in many Mediterranean catchments with major river aggradation occurring at ~109–111 ka (during OIS 5d) and most notably at ~88 ka (OIS 5b/5a boundary). Other parts of OIS 5 appear to have been periods of relative fluvial inactivity. OIS 2 and 3 were both characterised by an apparent increase in the number of alluviation events, and this record of river behaviour parallels many other palaeoenvironmental records in the region which also show more frequent climate fluctuations between ~12 and 65 ka. There is evidence for a high degree of synchrony in major river aggradation events across the Mediterranean in catchments with very different sizes, tectonic regimes and histories. Climate-related changes in catchment hydrology and vegetation cover over the last 200 ka would appear to be the primary control of large-scale (catchment wide) sedimentation over time periods of between 10³ and 104 years.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1633-1641
    Number of pages9
    JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
    Volume21
    Issue number14/15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002

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    oxygen isotope
    isotopes
    climate change
    river
    basins
    oxygen
    catchment
    basin
    rivers
    aggradation
    event
    climate
    watershed hydrology
    synchrony
    landscape change
    tectonics
    sedimentary sequence
    vegetation cover
    fluctuation
    hydrology

    Cite this

    Macklin, M. G. ; Fuller, I. C. ; Lewin, J. ; Maas, G. S. ; Passmore, D. G. ; Rose, J. ; Woodward, J. C. ; Black, S. ; Hamlin, R. H. B. ; Rowan, J. S. / Correlation of fluvial sequences in the Mediterranean basin over the last 200 ka and their relationship to climate change. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2002 ; Vol. 21, No. 14/15. pp. 1633-1641.
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    abstract = "This paper presents a new correlation of Late and Middle Pleistocene fluvial sedimentary sequences in Greek, Libyan and Spanish river basins and evaluates river response to climate change over the Last Interglacial–Glacial Cycle. Over the past 200,000 years there have been at least 13 major alluviation episodes in the Mediterranean, although the amplitude, frequency and possibly, duration of these events varied significantly across the region. Parts of Oxygen Isotope Stage (OIS) 5 appears to have been periods of pronounced landscape change in many Mediterranean catchments with major river aggradation occurring at ~109–111 ka (during OIS 5d) and most notably at ~88 ka (OIS 5b/5a boundary). Other parts of OIS 5 appear to have been periods of relative fluvial inactivity. OIS 2 and 3 were both characterised by an apparent increase in the number of alluviation events, and this record of river behaviour parallels many other palaeoenvironmental records in the region which also show more frequent climate fluctuations between ~12 and 65 ka. There is evidence for a high degree of synchrony in major river aggradation events across the Mediterranean in catchments with very different sizes, tectonic regimes and histories. Climate-related changes in catchment hydrology and vegetation cover over the last 200 ka would appear to be the primary control of large-scale (catchment wide) sedimentation over time periods of between 10³ and 104 years.",
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    Macklin, MG, Fuller, IC, Lewin, J, Maas, GS, Passmore, DG, Rose, J, Woodward, JC, Black, S, Hamlin, RHB & Rowan, JS 2002, 'Correlation of fluvial sequences in the Mediterranean basin over the last 200 ka and their relationship to climate change', Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 21, no. 14/15, pp. 1633-1641. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(01)00147-0

    Correlation of fluvial sequences in the Mediterranean basin over the last 200 ka and their relationship to climate change. / Macklin, M. G.; Fuller, I. C.; Lewin, J.; Maas, G. S.; Passmore, D. G.; Rose, J.; Woodward, J. C.; Black, S.; Hamlin, R. H. B.; Rowan, J. S.

    In: Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 21, No. 14/15, 08.2002, p. 1633-1641.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Lewin, J.

    AU - Maas, G. S.

    AU - Passmore, D. G.

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    AU - Woodward, J. C.

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    N2 - This paper presents a new correlation of Late and Middle Pleistocene fluvial sedimentary sequences in Greek, Libyan and Spanish river basins and evaluates river response to climate change over the Last Interglacial–Glacial Cycle. Over the past 200,000 years there have been at least 13 major alluviation episodes in the Mediterranean, although the amplitude, frequency and possibly, duration of these events varied significantly across the region. Parts of Oxygen Isotope Stage (OIS) 5 appears to have been periods of pronounced landscape change in many Mediterranean catchments with major river aggradation occurring at ~109–111 ka (during OIS 5d) and most notably at ~88 ka (OIS 5b/5a boundary). Other parts of OIS 5 appear to have been periods of relative fluvial inactivity. OIS 2 and 3 were both characterised by an apparent increase in the number of alluviation events, and this record of river behaviour parallels many other palaeoenvironmental records in the region which also show more frequent climate fluctuations between ~12 and 65 ka. There is evidence for a high degree of synchrony in major river aggradation events across the Mediterranean in catchments with very different sizes, tectonic regimes and histories. Climate-related changes in catchment hydrology and vegetation cover over the last 200 ka would appear to be the primary control of large-scale (catchment wide) sedimentation over time periods of between 10³ and 104 years.

    AB - This paper presents a new correlation of Late and Middle Pleistocene fluvial sedimentary sequences in Greek, Libyan and Spanish river basins and evaluates river response to climate change over the Last Interglacial–Glacial Cycle. Over the past 200,000 years there have been at least 13 major alluviation episodes in the Mediterranean, although the amplitude, frequency and possibly, duration of these events varied significantly across the region. Parts of Oxygen Isotope Stage (OIS) 5 appears to have been periods of pronounced landscape change in many Mediterranean catchments with major river aggradation occurring at ~109–111 ka (during OIS 5d) and most notably at ~88 ka (OIS 5b/5a boundary). Other parts of OIS 5 appear to have been periods of relative fluvial inactivity. OIS 2 and 3 were both characterised by an apparent increase in the number of alluviation events, and this record of river behaviour parallels many other palaeoenvironmental records in the region which also show more frequent climate fluctuations between ~12 and 65 ka. There is evidence for a high degree of synchrony in major river aggradation events across the Mediterranean in catchments with very different sizes, tectonic regimes and histories. Climate-related changes in catchment hydrology and vegetation cover over the last 200 ka would appear to be the primary control of large-scale (catchment wide) sedimentation over time periods of between 10³ and 104 years.

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