Cost, range anxiety and future electricity supply: A review of how today's technology trends may influence the future uptake of BEVs

Wenbin Zhou, Christopher J. Cleaver, Cyrille Dunant (Lead / Corresponding author), Julian M. Allwood, Jianguo Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this review paper, we show that the current battery electric vehicle (BEV) scale-up relies on several key technologies which all have detailed roadmaps with good track records for being met. These roadmaps include lightweighting of vehicle bodies using lightweight materials and architecture/structure design, and improvements in BEV powertrain with regard to the powertrain architecture/system design, battery and motor technology development. However, as technology take-up accelerates, our novel analysis suggests supply of zero carbon electricity may become a serious constraint. We find that the technical potential for abating the demand for electricity through powertrain and lightweighting improvements is just over a quarter of the projected total. Four promising avenues to mitigating this constraint – battery reusing and interoperable charging technology, shared mobility, advanced sensing technology, and novel compact space frame construction - are explored in brief, potentially enabling the large-scale deployment of BEVs without exhausting the supply of non-emitting electricity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113074
Number of pages21
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume173
Early online date2 Dec 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Battery electric vehicles
  • Breakthroughs
  • Cost
  • Electricity supply
  • Lightweight design
  • Travel range

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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