Cost-Utility of an Online Education Platform and Diabetes Personal Health Record: Analysis Over Ten Years

Scott G. Cunningham (Lead / Corresponding author), Andrew Stoddart, Sarah H. Wild, Nicholas J. Conway, Alastair M. Gray, Deborah J. Wake

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Abstract

Background and Aims: My Diabetes My Way (MDMW) is Scotland’s interactive website and mobile app for people with diabetes and their caregivers. It contains multimedia resources for diabetes education and offers access to electronic personal health records. This study aims to assess the cost-utility of MDMW compared with routine diabetes care in people with type 2 diabetes who do not use insulin.

Materials and Methods: Analysis used the United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Outcomes Model 2. Clinical parameters of MDMW users (n = 2576) were compared with a matched cohort of individuals receiving routine care alone (n = 11 628). Matching criteria: age, diabetes duration, sex, and socioeconomic status. Impact on life expectancy, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and costs of treatment and complications were simulated over ten years, including a 10% sensitivity analysis.

Results: MDMW cohort: 1670 (64.8%) men; average age 64.3 years; duration of diabetes 5.5 years. 906 (35.2%) women: average age 61.6 years; duration 4.7 years. The cumulative mean QALY (95% CI) gain: 0.054 (0.044-0.062) years. Mean difference in cost: –£118.72 (–£150.16 to –£54.16) over ten years. Increasing MDMW costs (10%): –£50.49 (–£82.24-£14.14). Decreasing MDMW costs (10%): –£186.95 (–£218.53 to –£122.51).

Conclusions: MDMW is “dominant” over usual care (cost-saving and life improving) in supporting self-management in people with type 2 diabetes not treated with insulin. Wider use may result in significant cost savings through delay or reduction of long-term complications and improved QALYs in Scotland and other countries. MDMW may be among the most cost-effective interventions currently available to support diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Early online date5 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • self-management
  • health care delivery
  • health economics
  • education
  • eHealth
  • medical informatics
  • information technology

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