Craniofacial reconstruction of the Indus Valley Civilization individuals found at 4500-year-old Rakhigarhi cemetery

Won Joon Lee, Vasant Shinde (Lead / Corresponding author), Yong Jun Kim, Eun Jin Woo, Nilesh Jadhav, Pranjali Waghmare, Yogesh Yadav, Avradeep Munshi, Amrithavalli Panyam, Malavika Chatterjee, Chang Seok Oh, Jong Ha Hong, Caroline M. Wilkinson, Christopher Rynn, Dong Hoon Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite academic efforts to study the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), there have as yet been no successful attempts to unveil the IVC people's craniofacial appearance. We investigated the IVC cemetery area of Rakhigarhi site, which was estimated to be of 2273 ± 38 and 2616 ± 73 years BCE. By craniofacial reconstruction (CFR) procedure using computed tomography (CT) data of two Rakhigarhi skulls (A1 BR02 and A2 BR36), we successfully reconstructed the faces of the IVC individuals who were buried about 4500 years ago. This is the first attempt to unveil scientifically accurate representations of IVC people's actual facial morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalAnatomical Science International
Early online date1 Oct 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Craniofacial reconstruction
  • India
  • Indus Valley Civilization
  • Rakhigarhi cemetery

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    Lee, W. J., Shinde, V., Kim, Y. J., Woo, E. J., Jadhav, N., Waghmare, P., Yadav, Y., Munshi, A., Panyam, A., Chatterjee, M., Oh, C. S., Hong, J. H., Wilkinson, C. M., Rynn, C., & Shin, D. H. (2019). Craniofacial reconstruction of the Indus Valley Civilization individuals found at 4500-year-old Rakhigarhi cemetery. Anatomical Science International. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-019-00504-3