Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories

C. Neil Macrae, Astrid M. Schloerscheidt, Galen V. Bodenhausen, Alan B. Milne

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The present research investigated the generation of memory illusions. In particular, it attempted to delineate the conditions under which category-based thinking prompts the elicitation of false memories. Noting fundamental differences in the manner in which expected and unexpected person-related information is processed and represented in the mind, it was anticipated that, via gist-based recognition, participants would display a pronounced propensity to generate expectancy-consistent false memories. The results of three experiments supported this prediction. In addition, the research revealed that participants' false memories were accompanied by the subjective experience of knowing (Expt. 2) and that false recognition was exacerbated under conditions of executive dysfunction (Expt. 3). We consider the theoretical implications of these findings for recent treatments of memory illusions and social cognition.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)63-80
    Number of pages18
    JournalMemory
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint

    Research
    Cognition
    Illusion
    False Memory
    Expectancy
    Recognition (Psychology)
    Subjective Experience
    Person
    Fundamental
    Social Cognition
    Prediction
    Experiment
    Propensity
    Prompts
    False Recognition
    Thinking

    Cite this

    Macrae, C. N., Schloerscheidt, A. M., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Milne, A. B. (2002). Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories. Memory, 10(1), 63-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210143000254
    Macrae, C. Neil ; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M. ; Bodenhausen, Galen V. ; Milne, Alan B. / Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories. In: Memory. 2002 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 63-80.
    @article{fe725ebf1b94469dbe01a52531d1e16f,
    title = "Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories",
    abstract = "The present research investigated the generation of memory illusions. In particular, it attempted to delineate the conditions under which category-based thinking prompts the elicitation of false memories. Noting fundamental differences in the manner in which expected and unexpected person-related information is processed and represented in the mind, it was anticipated that, via gist-based recognition, participants would display a pronounced propensity to generate expectancy-consistent false memories. The results of three experiments supported this prediction. In addition, the research revealed that participants' false memories were accompanied by the subjective experience of knowing (Expt. 2) and that false recognition was exacerbated under conditions of executive dysfunction (Expt. 3). We consider the theoretical implications of these findings for recent treatments of memory illusions and social cognition.",
    author = "Macrae, {C. Neil} and Schloerscheidt, {Astrid M.} and Bodenhausen, {Galen V.} and Milne, {Alan B.}",
    note = "dc.publisher: Taylor & Francis",
    year = "2002",
    doi = "10.1080/09658210143000254",
    language = "English",
    volume = "10",
    pages = "63--80",
    journal = "Memory",
    issn = "0965-8211",
    publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
    number = "1",

    }

    Macrae, CN, Schloerscheidt, AM, Bodenhausen, GV & Milne, AB 2002, 'Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories', Memory, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 63-80. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658210143000254

    Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories. / Macrae, C. Neil; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.; Bodenhausen, Galen V.; Milne, Alan B.

    In: Memory, Vol. 10, No. 1, 2002, p. 63-80.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Creating memory illusions: expectancy-based processing and the generation of false memories

    AU - Macrae, C. Neil

    AU - Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.

    AU - Bodenhausen, Galen V.

    AU - Milne, Alan B.

    N1 - dc.publisher: Taylor & Francis

    PY - 2002

    Y1 - 2002

    N2 - The present research investigated the generation of memory illusions. In particular, it attempted to delineate the conditions under which category-based thinking prompts the elicitation of false memories. Noting fundamental differences in the manner in which expected and unexpected person-related information is processed and represented in the mind, it was anticipated that, via gist-based recognition, participants would display a pronounced propensity to generate expectancy-consistent false memories. The results of three experiments supported this prediction. In addition, the research revealed that participants' false memories were accompanied by the subjective experience of knowing (Expt. 2) and that false recognition was exacerbated under conditions of executive dysfunction (Expt. 3). We consider the theoretical implications of these findings for recent treatments of memory illusions and social cognition.

    AB - The present research investigated the generation of memory illusions. In particular, it attempted to delineate the conditions under which category-based thinking prompts the elicitation of false memories. Noting fundamental differences in the manner in which expected and unexpected person-related information is processed and represented in the mind, it was anticipated that, via gist-based recognition, participants would display a pronounced propensity to generate expectancy-consistent false memories. The results of three experiments supported this prediction. In addition, the research revealed that participants' false memories were accompanied by the subjective experience of knowing (Expt. 2) and that false recognition was exacerbated under conditions of executive dysfunction (Expt. 3). We consider the theoretical implications of these findings for recent treatments of memory illusions and social cognition.

    U2 - 10.1080/09658210143000254

    DO - 10.1080/09658210143000254

    M3 - Article

    VL - 10

    SP - 63

    EP - 80

    JO - Memory

    JF - Memory

    SN - 0965-8211

    IS - 1

    ER -