Cryo-EM Structure and Molecular Dynamics Analysis of the Fluoroquinolone Resistant Mutant of the AcrB Transporter from Salmonella

Rachel M. Johnson, Chiara Fais, Mayuriben J. Parmar, Harish Cheruvara, Robert L. Marshall, Sophie J. Hesketh, Matthew C. Feasey, Paolo Ruggerone, Attilio V. Vargiu, Vincent L. G. Postis, Stephen P. Muench (Lead / Corresponding author), Vassiliy N. Bavro (Lead / Corresponding author)

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Salmonella is an important genus of Gram-negative pathogens, treatment of which has become problematic due to increases in antimicrobial resistance. This is partly attributable to the overexpression of tripartite efflux pumps, particularly the constitutively expressed AcrAB-TolC. Despite its clinical importance, the structure of the Salmonella AcrB transporter remained unknown to-date, with much of our structural understanding coming from the Escherichia coli orthologue. Here, by taking advantage of the styrene maleic acid (SMA) technology to isolate membrane proteins with closely associated lipids, we report the very first experimental structure of Salmonella AcrB transporter. Furthermore, this novel structure provides additional insight into mechanisms of drug efflux as it bears the mutation (G288D), originating from a clinical isolate of Salmonella Typhimurium presenting an increased resistance to fluoroquinolones. Experimental data are complemented by state-of-the-art molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on both the wild type and G288D variant of Salmonella AcrB. Together, these reveal several important differences with respect to the E. coli protein, providing insights into the role of the G288D mutation in increasing drug efflux and extending our understanding of the mechanisms underlying antibiotic resistance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number943
Number of pages21
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2020

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