Crystal structure of RlmM, the 2'O-ribose methyltransferase for C2498 of Escherichia coli 23S rRNA

Avinash S. Punekar, Tyson R. Shepherd, Josefine Liljeruhm, Anthony C. Forster, Maria Selmer (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

RlmM (YgdE) catalyzes the S-adenosyl methionine (AdoMet)-dependent 2'O methylation of C2498 in 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) of Escherichia coli. Previous experiments have shown that RlmM is active on 23S rRNA from an RlmM knockout strain but not on mature 50S subunits from the same strain. Here, we demonstrate RlmM methyltransferase (MTase) activity on in vitro transcribed 23S rRNA and its domain V. We have solved crystal structures of E. coli RlmM at 1.9 Å resolution and of an RlmM-AdoMet complex at 2.6 Å resolution. RlmM consists of an N-terminal THUMP domain and a C-terminal catalytic Rossmann-like fold MTase domain in a novel arrangement. The catalytic domain of RlmM is closely related to YiiB, TlyA and fibrillarins, with the second K of the catalytic tetrad KDKE shifted by two residues at the C-terminal end of a beta strand compared with most 2'O MTases. The AdoMet-binding site is open and shallow, suggesting that RNA substrate binding may be required to form a conformation needed for catalysis. A continuous surface of conserved positive charge indicates that RlmM uses one side of the two domains and the inter-domain linker to recognize its RNA substrate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10507-10520
Number of pages14
JournalNucleic Acids Research
Volume40
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Crystallography, X-Ray
  • Escherichia coli/enzymology
  • Escherichia coli Proteins/chemistry
  • Methyltransferases/chemistry
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 23S/chemistry
  • S-Adenosylmethionine/chemistry
  • Sequence Alignment

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