AIMS: To assess the usefulness of computed tomography of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (CTCAP) in the detection of metastatic disease in patients presenting with loco-regional recurrence of breast cancer, and to identify subgroups particularly likely to have metastases. MATERIALS AND
METHODS: Over a 32-month period, 63 patients with 65 recurrences underwent CTCAP, and were identified from the hospital's computerized radiology system.
RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (32%) had metastases, including bony (n = 5, 8%), liver (n = 7, 11%), and thoracic disease (n = 11, 17%). Patients with recurrence in a conserved breast had lower rates of metastasis on CT than those with other sites of recurrence [three of 21 (14%) versus 18 of 44 (41%), p = 0.03]. Patients younger than 50 years at primary diagnosis or younger than 60 years at recurrence had statistically significantly higher rates of metastasis than older patients [10 of 16 (63%) versus 11 of 48 (23%), p = 0.003, and 13 of 23 (57%) versus eight of 42 (19%), p = 0.002, respectively].
CONCLUSION: CT staging of patients presenting with loco-regional recurrence of breast cancer is a worthwhile practice. Younger patients and those with recurrence other than in the conserved breast are particularly likely to have metastatic disease. (C) 2009 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- 20-YEAR FOLLOW-UP
- CONSERVING THERAPY
- LOCOREGIONAL RECURRENCE
- TOTAL MASTECTOMY