Retraction of tissues and anatomical structures is an essential component of all forms of surgery. The means by which operative access is gained through retraction are many and diverse. In this article, the various forms of retraction methods currently available are reviewed, with special reference to hand held, self-retaining and compliant techniques. The special challenges posed by laparoscopic surgery are considered and future developments in new retraction techniques are anticipated.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|