Current concepts in the management of "Terrible Triad" injuries of the elbow

Rebecca Waterworth (Lead / Corresponding author), Graham Finlayson, Marieta Franklin, Monu Jabbal, Alastair Faulkner, Brendan Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Terrible triad injuries of the elbow are complex injuries which can result in long term complications and significant disability. They must be identified correctly, and managed appropriately in order to maximise functional outcomes. A clear understanding of the bony and ligamentous anatomy is essential to plan appropriate surgical reconstruction to provide elbow stability. Urgent reduction of the elbow, followed by 3-dimensional imaging and surgical repair or replacement of the injured structures is the mainstay of treatment in the majority of cases. This review presents a summary of the relevant anatomy and the evidence for the management of these complex injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110889
Number of pages9
Issue number8
Early online date14 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Terrible triad injury
  • Elbow fracture-dislocation
  • Elbow instability
  • Elbow trauma


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