Curriculum structure: principles and strategy

R. Oliver, H. Kersten, H. Vinkka-Puhakka, G. Alpasan, D. Bearn, I. Cema, E. Delap, P. Dummer, J. P. Goulet, T. Gugushe, E. Jeniati, V. Jerolimov, N. Kotsanos, S. Krifka, G. Levy, M. Neway, T. Ogawa, M. Saag, A. Sidlauskas, U. SkalericM. Vervoorn, D. White

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    54 Citations (Scopus)


    This report provides general guidelines for the structure of a curriculum, followed by specific advice on the principles of learning and teaching, the process of restructuring and change leadership and management. It provides examples of several educational philosophies, including vertical and horizontal integration. It discusses the use of competence, learning outcomes, level of degree and assessment and provides a number of recommendations. It does not seek to be prescriptive of time allocation to disciplines within a curriculum. Although this report has been written primarily for those who will develop an undergraduate curriculum, the information may be sufficiently generic to apply to the recent development in graduate entry ('shortened dental' or 'accelerated') courses and to postgraduate degree planning and higher education certificate or diploma courses for other dental care professionals (auxiliaries). The report may have a European bias as progress is made to converge and enhance educational standards in 29 countries with different educational approaches - a microcosm of global collaboration.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)74-84
    Number of pages11
    JournalEuropean Journal of Dental Education
    Issue numberS1
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


    • Competence and learning outcomes
    • Curriculum change
    • Curriculum design
    • Curriculum structure
    • Outcome based education
    • Guide no. 14
    • Complexity science
    • Medical education
    • Competence
    • Quality
    • Care


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