DARPP-32, a dopamine-regulated neuronal phosphoprotein, is a potent inhibitor of protein phosphatase-1

Hugh C. Hemmings, Paul Greengard, H. Y.Lim Tung, Philip Cohen

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    468 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The neurotransmitter dopamine has been demonstrated by biochemical 1, histochemical2 and immunocytochemical3,4 techniques to be unevenly distributed in the mammalian central nervous system. DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cyclic-AMP-regulated phosphoprotein of molecular weight 32,000) is a neuronal phosphoprotein that displays a regional distribution in the mammalian brain very similar to that of dopamine-containing nerve terminals, being highly concentrated in the basal ganglia5-8. The state of phosphorylation of DARPP-32 can be regulated by dopamine and by cyclic AMP in intact nerve cells5,6, suggesting a role for this phosphoprotein in mediating certain of the effects of dopamine on dopaminoceptive cells. The observation that many of the physical and chemical properties of purified DARPP-329 resemble those of phosphatase inhibitor-1 (inhibitor-1)10,11, a widely distributed inhibitor of protein phosphatase-112, suggests that DARPP-32 might also function as a phosphatase inhibitor. We report here that DARPP-32 inhibits protein phosphatase-1 at nanomolar concentrations. Moreover, like inhibitor-1 10, DARPP-32 is effective as an inhibitor in its phosphorylated but not its dephosphorylated form. Thus, the basal ganglia of mammalian brain contain a region-specific neuronal phosphoprotein that is a protein phosphatase inhibitor.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)503-505
    Number of pages3
    JournalNature
    Volume310
    Issue number5977
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 1984

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