DDK: The Outsourced Kinase of Chromosome Maintenance

Peter J. Gillespie, J. Julian Blow (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

The maintenance of genomic stability during the mitotic cell-cycle not only demands that the DNA is duplicated and repaired with high fidelity, but that following DNA replication the chromatin composition is perpetuated and that the duplicated chromatids remain tethered until their anaphase segregation. The coordination of these processes during S phase is achieved by both cyclin-dependent kinase, CDK, and Dbf4-dependent kinase, DDK. CDK orchestrates the activation of DDK at the G1-to-S transition, acting as the 'global' regulator of S phase and cell-cycle progression, whilst 'local' control of the initiation of DNA replication and repair and their coordination with the re-formation of local chromatin environments and the establishment of chromatid cohesion are delegated to DDK. Here, we discuss the regulation and the multiple roles of DDK in ensuring chromosome maintenance. Regulation of replication initiation by DDK has long been known to involve phosphorylation of MCM2-7 subunits, but more recent results have indicated that Treslin:MTBP might also be important substrates. Molecular mechanisms by which DDK regulates replisome stability and replicated chromatid cohesion are less well understood, though important new insights have been reported recently. We discuss how the 'outsourcing' of activities required for chromosome maintenance to DDK allows CDK to maintain outright control of S phase progression and the cell-cycle phase transitions whilst permitting ongoing chromatin replication and cohesion establishment to be completed and achieved faithfully.

Original languageEnglish
Article number877
Number of pages19
JournalBiology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • DDK
  • CDK
  • DNA replication
  • replication fork stability
  • DNA repair
  • chromatid cohesion
  • epigenetic inheritance

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