Within an open economy framework characterized by vertical linkages in production, and search frictions with two-sided heterogeneity in the labor market, raising trade barriers is shown to increase unemployment across skill levels and to reduce labor market participation and aggregate income. These effects are not necessarily moderated by maintaining frictionless mobility of capital across borders. We find that a flexicurity reform of a liberal welfare state can dampen the adverse effects of de-globalization.
|Number of pages||32|
|Journal||IMF Economic Review|
|Early online date||25 Oct 2021|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2021|