Decomposing the language pay gap among the indigenous ethnic minorities of Mexico: is it all down to observables?

Adriana Aguilar-Rodriguez, Alfonso Miranda, Yu Zhu

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    Abstract

    Using the decomposition methods of Oaxaca and Choe (2016), we investigate the pay gap between indigenous language monolinguals (INL) and Spanish-indigenous-language bilinguals (BIL) among indigenous ethnic minorities in Mexico using the 10% sample of the Mexican Census 2000 and 2010. The decomposition fits linear models with municipal fixed effects for the case of males and correlated random effects Heckman sample selection models for the case of females (to account for potential sample selection bias). We find evidence of a positive return to bilingualism for males of 17% and of 42% for females. Over 60% of the pay gap is explained by differences in observable characteristics.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)689-695
    Number of pages7
    JournalEconomics Bulletin
    Volume38
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2018

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    Language
    Mexico
    Ethnic minorities
    Decomposition
    Sample selection model
    Fixed effects
    Heckman
    Random effects
    Census
    Sample selection bias

    Cite this

    @article{3708a5f18ef5454fab524eb2829c1d3e,
    title = "Decomposing the language pay gap among the indigenous ethnic minorities of Mexico: is it all down to observables?",
    abstract = "Using the decomposition methods of Oaxaca and Choe (2016), we investigate the pay gap between indigenous language monolinguals (INL) and Spanish-indigenous-language bilinguals (BIL) among indigenous ethnic minorities in Mexico using the 10{\%} sample of the Mexican Census 2000 and 2010. The decomposition fits linear models with municipal fixed effects for the case of males and correlated random effects Heckman sample selection models for the case of females (to account for potential sample selection bias). We find evidence of a positive return to bilingualism for males of 17{\%} and of 42{\%} for females. Over 60{\%} of the pay gap is explained by differences in observable characteristics.",
    author = "Adriana Aguilar-Rodriguez and Alfonso Miranda and Yu Zhu",
    note = "Funding: This work was supported by CONACYT repatriation program for Alfonso Miranda [grant number 191523]",
    year = "2018",
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    volume = "38",
    pages = "689--695",
    journal = "Economics Bulletin",
    issn = "1545-2921",
    publisher = "Economics Bulletin",
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    }

    Decomposing the language pay gap among the indigenous ethnic minorities of Mexico : is it all down to observables? / Aguilar-Rodriguez, Adriana ; Miranda, Alfonso; Zhu, Yu.

    In: Economics Bulletin, Vol. 38, No. 2, 15.04.2018, p. 689-695.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Decomposing the language pay gap among the indigenous ethnic minorities of Mexico

    T2 - is it all down to observables?

    AU - Aguilar-Rodriguez, Adriana

    AU - Miranda, Alfonso

    AU - Zhu, Yu

    N1 - Funding: This work was supported by CONACYT repatriation program for Alfonso Miranda [grant number 191523]

    PY - 2018/4/15

    Y1 - 2018/4/15

    N2 - Using the decomposition methods of Oaxaca and Choe (2016), we investigate the pay gap between indigenous language monolinguals (INL) and Spanish-indigenous-language bilinguals (BIL) among indigenous ethnic minorities in Mexico using the 10% sample of the Mexican Census 2000 and 2010. The decomposition fits linear models with municipal fixed effects for the case of males and correlated random effects Heckman sample selection models for the case of females (to account for potential sample selection bias). We find evidence of a positive return to bilingualism for males of 17% and of 42% for females. Over 60% of the pay gap is explained by differences in observable characteristics.

    AB - Using the decomposition methods of Oaxaca and Choe (2016), we investigate the pay gap between indigenous language monolinguals (INL) and Spanish-indigenous-language bilinguals (BIL) among indigenous ethnic minorities in Mexico using the 10% sample of the Mexican Census 2000 and 2010. The decomposition fits linear models with municipal fixed effects for the case of males and correlated random effects Heckman sample selection models for the case of females (to account for potential sample selection bias). We find evidence of a positive return to bilingualism for males of 17% and of 42% for females. Over 60% of the pay gap is explained by differences in observable characteristics.

    M3 - Article

    VL - 38

    SP - 689

    EP - 695

    JO - Economics Bulletin

    JF - Economics Bulletin

    SN - 1545-2921

    IS - 2

    ER -