Decreased adipogenesis and adipose tissue in mice with inactivated protein phosphatase 5

Wright Jacob, Doron Rosenzweig, Cristina Vázquez-Martin, Suzanne L. Duce, Patricia T. W. Cohen (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Glucocorticoids play an important role in the treatment of inflammation and immune disorders, despite side effects, which include metabolic derangements such as central adiposity. These studies examine the role of protein phosphatase 5 (Ppp5) in glucocorticoid receptor (GR) complexes which mediate response to glucocorticoids. Mice homozygous for inactivated Ppp5 (Ppp5D274A/D274A ) exhibit decreased adipose tissue surrounding the gonads and kidneys compared with wild-type mice. Adipocyte size is smaller, more preadipocytes/stromal cell are present in their gonadal fat tissue and differentiation of preadipocytes to adipocytes is retarded. Glucocorticoid levels are raised and the GR is hyperphosphorylated in adipose tissue of Ppp5D274A/D274A mice at Ser212 and Ser220 (orthologous to human Ser203 and Ser211) in the absence of glucocorticoids. Preadipocyte cultures from Ppp5D274A/D274A mice show decreased down regulation of Delta-like protein-1/preadipocyte factor-1, hyperphosphorylation of extra-cellular signal regulated kinase 2 (ERK2) and increased concentration of (sex determining region Y)-box 9 (SOX9), changes in a pathway essential for preadipocyte differentiation, which leads to decreased concentrations of the transcription factors CEBPβ and CEBPα necessary for the later stages of adipogenesis. The data indicate that Ppp5 plays a crucial role in modifying GR-mediated initiation of adipose tissue differentiation, suggesting that inhibition of Ppp5 may potentially be beneficial to prevent obesity during glucocorticoid treatment. biochemj.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)163-176
    Number of pages14
    JournalBiochemical Journal
    Volume466
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2015

    Keywords

    • Glucocorticoid receptor
    • Hsp90
    • PP5
    • PPARγ
    • Preadipocyte differentiation
    • Preadipocyte factor-1

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