Deep phenotyping of 34,128 adult patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in an international network study

Edward Burn, Seng Chan You, Anthony G. Sena, Kristin Kostka, Hamed Abedtash, Maria Tereza F. Abrahão, Amanda Alberga, Heba Alghoul, Osaid Alser, Thamir M. Alshammari, Maria Aragon, Carlos Areia, Juan M. Banda, Jaehyeong Cho, Aedin C. Culhane, Alexander Davydov, Frank J. DeFalco, Talita Duarte-Salles, Scott DuVall, Thomas FalconerSergio Fernandez-Bertolin, Weihua Gao, Asieh Golozar, Jill Hardin, George Hripcsak, Vojtech Huser, Hokyun Jeon, Yonghua Jing, Chi Young Jung, Benjamin Skov Kaas-Hansen, Denys Kaduk, Seamus Kent, Yeesuk Kim, Spyros Kolovos, Jennifer C. E. Lane, Hyejin Lee, Kristine E. Lynch, Rupa Makadia, Michael E. Matheny, Paras P. Mehta, Daniel R. Morales, Karthik Natarajan, Fredrik Nyberg, Anna Ostropolets, Rae Woong Park, Jimyung Park, Jose D. Posada, Albert Prats-Uribe, Gowtham Rao, Christian Reich, Yeunsook Rho, Peter Rijnbeek, Lisa M. Schilling, Martijn Schuemie, Nigam H. Shah, Azza Shoaibi, Seokyoung Song, Matthew Spotnitz, Marc A. Suchard, Joel N. Swerdel, David Vizcaya, Salvatore Volpe, Haini Wen, Andrew E. Williams, Belay B Yimer, Lin Zhang, Oleg Zhuk, Daniel Prieto-Alhambra, Patrick Ryan

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Abstract

Comorbid conditions appear to be common among individuals hospitalised with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) but estimates of prevalence vary and little is known about the prior medication use of patients. Here, we describe the characteristics of adults hospitalised with COVID-19 and compare them with influenza patients. We include 34,128 (US: 8362, South Korea: 7341, Spain: 18,425) COVID-19 patients, summarising between 4811 and 11,643 unique aggregate characteristics. COVID-19 patients have been majority male in the US and Spain, but predominantly female in South Korea. Age profiles vary across data sources. Compared to 84,585 individuals hospitalised with influenza in 2014-19, COVID-19 patients have more typically been male, younger, and with fewer comorbidities and lower medication use. While protecting groups vulnerable to influenza is likely a useful starting point in the response to COVID-19, strategies will likely need to be broadened to reflect the particular characteristics of individuals being hospitalised with COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5009
Number of pages11
JournalNature Communications
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online date6 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Risk factors
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Viral epidemiology

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    Burn, E., You, S. C., Sena, A. G., Kostka, K., Abedtash, H., Abrahão, M. T. F., Alberga, A., Alghoul, H., Alser, O., Alshammari, T. M., Aragon, M., Areia, C., Banda, J. M., Cho, J., Culhane, A. C., Davydov, A., DeFalco, F. J., Duarte-Salles, T., DuVall, S., ... Ryan, P. (2020). Deep phenotyping of 34,128 adult patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in an international network study. Nature Communications, 11(1), [5009]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-18849-z