Methods and results: Mice with a dominant-negative point mutation in PPAR? (P465L) and their wild-type (WT) littermates were treated with either subcutaneous angiotensin II (AngII) infusion or saline for 2 weeks. Heterozygous P465L and WT mice developed a similar increase in systolic blood pressure, but the mutant mice developed significantly more severe cardiac fibrosis to AngII that correlated with increased expression of profibrotic genes. Both groups similarly increased the heart weight to body weight ratio compared with saline-treated controls. There were no differences in fibrosis between saline-treated WT and P465L mice.
Conclusion: These results show synergistic pathogenic effects between the presence of defective PPAR? and AngII-induced hypertension and suggest that patients with PPAR? mutation and hypertension may need more aggressive therapeutic measures to reduce the risk of accelerated cardiac fibrosis.
- left ventricular hypertrophy
- interstitial fibrosis
- dominant-negative PPARγ