Defining the Contribution of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 to Drug Metabolism Using Humanized CYP1A1/1A2 and Cyp1a1/Cyp1a2 Knockout Mice

Yury Kapelyukh, Colin James Henderson, Nico Scheer, Anja Rode, Roland Wolf (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cytochrome P450s CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 can metabolize a broad range of foreign compounds and drugs. However, these enzymes have significantly overlapping substrate specificities. To establish their relative contribution to drug metabolism in vivo, we used a combination of mice humanized for CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 together with mice nulled at the Cyp1a1 and Cyp1a2 gene loci. CYP1A2 was constitutively expressed in the liver, and both proteins were highly inducible by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in a number of tissues, including the liver, lung, kidney, and small intestine. Using the differential inhibition of the human enzymes by quinidine, we developed a method to distinguish the relative contribution of CYP1A1 or CYP1A2 in the metabolism of drugs and foreign compounds. Both enzymes made a significant contribution to the hepatic metabolism of the probe compounds 7-methoxy and 7-ehthoxyresorufin in microsomal fractions from animals treated with TCDD. This enzyme kinetic approach allows modeling of the CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and non-CYP1A contribution to the metabolism of any substrate at any substrate, inhibitor, or enzyme concentration and, as a consequence, can be integrated into a physiologically based pharmacokinetics model. The validity of the model can then be tested in humanized mice in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 are important in defining the efficacy and toxicity/carcinogenicity of drugs and foreign compounds. In light of differences in substrate specificity and sensitivity to inhibitors, it is of central importance to understand their relative role in foreign compound metabolism. To address this issue, we have generated mice humanized or nulled at the Cyp1a gene locus and, through the use of these mouse lines and selective inhibitors, developed an enzyme kinetic-based model to enable more accurate prediction of the fate of new chemicals in humans and which can be validated in vivo using mice humanized for cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-918
Number of pages12
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume47
Issue number8
Early online date30 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

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Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2
Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
Knockout Mice
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzymes
Substrate Specificity
Liver
Quinidine
Cytochromes
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Genes
Small Intestine
Pharmacokinetics
Kidney
Lung
Proteins

Keywords

  • cytochrome P450
  • enzyme inhibitors
  • enzyme kinetics
  • genetically modified animal models
  • pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling/PKPD
  • pharmacokinetics
  • physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling/PBPK

Cite this

@article{41311cd5844e408d8c5bce764ddd2458,
title = "Defining the Contribution of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 to Drug Metabolism Using Humanized CYP1A1/1A2 and Cyp1a1/Cyp1a2 Knockout Mice",
abstract = "Cytochrome P450s CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 can metabolize a broad range of foreign compounds and drugs. However, these enzymes have significantly overlapping substrate specificities. To establish their relative contribution to drug metabolism in vivo, we used a combination of mice humanized for CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 together with mice nulled at the Cyp1a1 and Cyp1a2 gene loci. CYP1A2 was constitutively expressed in the liver, and both proteins were highly inducible by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in a number of tissues, including the liver, lung, kidney, and small intestine. Using the differential inhibition of the human enzymes by quinidine, we developed a method to distinguish the relative contribution of CYP1A1 or CYP1A2 in the metabolism of drugs and foreign compounds. Both enzymes made a significant contribution to the hepatic metabolism of the probe compounds 7-methoxy and 7-ehthoxyresorufin in microsomal fractions from animals treated with TCDD. This enzyme kinetic approach allows modeling of the CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and non-CYP1A contribution to the metabolism of any substrate at any substrate, inhibitor, or enzyme concentration and, as a consequence, can be integrated into a physiologically based pharmacokinetics model. The validity of the model can then be tested in humanized mice in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 are important in defining the efficacy and toxicity/carcinogenicity of drugs and foreign compounds. In light of differences in substrate specificity and sensitivity to inhibitors, it is of central importance to understand their relative role in foreign compound metabolism. To address this issue, we have generated mice humanized or nulled at the Cyp1a gene locus and, through the use of these mouse lines and selective inhibitors, developed an enzyme kinetic-based model to enable more accurate prediction of the fate of new chemicals in humans and which can be validated in vivo using mice humanized for cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism.",
keywords = "cytochrome P450, enzyme inhibitors, enzyme kinetics, genetically modified animal models, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling/PKPD, pharmacokinetics, physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling/PBPK",
author = "Yury Kapelyukh and Henderson, {Colin James} and Nico Scheer and Anja Rode and Roland Wolf",
note = "Financial support: This research was supported by a Cancer Research UK Programme Grant [C4639/A10822] and Medical Research Council Project Grant MR/R017506/1.",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
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doi = "10.1124/dmd.119.087718",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
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publisher = "American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Defining the Contribution of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 to Drug Metabolism Using Humanized CYP1A1/1A2 and Cyp1a1/Cyp1a2 Knockout Mice

AU - Kapelyukh, Yury

AU - Henderson, Colin James

AU - Scheer, Nico

AU - Rode, Anja

AU - Wolf, Roland

N1 - Financial support: This research was supported by a Cancer Research UK Programme Grant [C4639/A10822] and Medical Research Council Project Grant MR/R017506/1.

PY - 2019/8/1

Y1 - 2019/8/1

N2 - Cytochrome P450s CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 can metabolize a broad range of foreign compounds and drugs. However, these enzymes have significantly overlapping substrate specificities. To establish their relative contribution to drug metabolism in vivo, we used a combination of mice humanized for CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 together with mice nulled at the Cyp1a1 and Cyp1a2 gene loci. CYP1A2 was constitutively expressed in the liver, and both proteins were highly inducible by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in a number of tissues, including the liver, lung, kidney, and small intestine. Using the differential inhibition of the human enzymes by quinidine, we developed a method to distinguish the relative contribution of CYP1A1 or CYP1A2 in the metabolism of drugs and foreign compounds. Both enzymes made a significant contribution to the hepatic metabolism of the probe compounds 7-methoxy and 7-ehthoxyresorufin in microsomal fractions from animals treated with TCDD. This enzyme kinetic approach allows modeling of the CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and non-CYP1A contribution to the metabolism of any substrate at any substrate, inhibitor, or enzyme concentration and, as a consequence, can be integrated into a physiologically based pharmacokinetics model. The validity of the model can then be tested in humanized mice in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 are important in defining the efficacy and toxicity/carcinogenicity of drugs and foreign compounds. In light of differences in substrate specificity and sensitivity to inhibitors, it is of central importance to understand their relative role in foreign compound metabolism. To address this issue, we have generated mice humanized or nulled at the Cyp1a gene locus and, through the use of these mouse lines and selective inhibitors, developed an enzyme kinetic-based model to enable more accurate prediction of the fate of new chemicals in humans and which can be validated in vivo using mice humanized for cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism.

AB - Cytochrome P450s CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 can metabolize a broad range of foreign compounds and drugs. However, these enzymes have significantly overlapping substrate specificities. To establish their relative contribution to drug metabolism in vivo, we used a combination of mice humanized for CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 together with mice nulled at the Cyp1a1 and Cyp1a2 gene loci. CYP1A2 was constitutively expressed in the liver, and both proteins were highly inducible by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin (TCDD) in a number of tissues, including the liver, lung, kidney, and small intestine. Using the differential inhibition of the human enzymes by quinidine, we developed a method to distinguish the relative contribution of CYP1A1 or CYP1A2 in the metabolism of drugs and foreign compounds. Both enzymes made a significant contribution to the hepatic metabolism of the probe compounds 7-methoxy and 7-ehthoxyresorufin in microsomal fractions from animals treated with TCDD. This enzyme kinetic approach allows modeling of the CYP1A1, CYP1A2, and non-CYP1A contribution to the metabolism of any substrate at any substrate, inhibitor, or enzyme concentration and, as a consequence, can be integrated into a physiologically based pharmacokinetics model. The validity of the model can then be tested in humanized mice in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Human CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 are important in defining the efficacy and toxicity/carcinogenicity of drugs and foreign compounds. In light of differences in substrate specificity and sensitivity to inhibitors, it is of central importance to understand their relative role in foreign compound metabolism. To address this issue, we have generated mice humanized or nulled at the Cyp1a gene locus and, through the use of these mouse lines and selective inhibitors, developed an enzyme kinetic-based model to enable more accurate prediction of the fate of new chemicals in humans and which can be validated in vivo using mice humanized for cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism.

KW - cytochrome P450

KW - enzyme inhibitors

KW - enzyme kinetics

KW - genetically modified animal models

KW - pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic modeling/PKPD

KW - pharmacokinetics

KW - physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modeling/PBPK

U2 - 10.1124/dmd.119.087718

DO - 10.1124/dmd.119.087718

M3 - Article

VL - 47

SP - 907

EP - 918

JO - Drug Metabolism and Disposition

JF - Drug Metabolism and Disposition

SN - 0090-9556

IS - 8

ER -