Dental students’ and patients’ perceived importance and knowledge of dental anxiety

I. Korpela , K. Vaununmaa , Mimmi Tolvanen, A. Suominen , Ruth Freeman, Satu Lahti (Lead / Corresponding author)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To examine the perceived importance and knowledge of the dental students’ in their treatment of dental anxiety according to their year of study and to find out patients’ perceived importance of the dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety according to their level on dental fear.

Methods: Dental students (N = 219) at the University of Turku and non-probability convenience sample of 100 of patients attending the Dental Teaching Clinic were given questionnaires with multiple choice and open-ended questions. Students were categorised into three groups according to the year of study (1-3, 4, 5). Patients were categorised into three groups using the established cut points for Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (no fear = 5-9, low fear = 10-18, high fear = 19-25). The differences between groups were evaluated using cross-tabulations, chi squared and Fisher's exact tests. The open-ended questions were subjected to content analysis.

Results: Students’ perceived importance of dental anxiety did not differ between three groups. Students with greater undergraduate education and clinical experience were more likely to have excellent or quite good knowledge (P <.001). Patients’ perceived importance of dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety was greater in patients with high level of fear. The overlapping category that emerged from the open-ended question analysis was communication skills. This appeared to be important for patients with dental anxiety and for dental students in their management of dental anxiety.

Conclusion: Clinical communication skills should be part of dental anxiety management teaching. Dental students should be able to gain sufficient knowledge and skills in treating dental anxiety before graduating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-521
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Dental Education
Volume23
Issue number4
Early online date20 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Dental Anxiety
Dental Students
anxiety
student
Fear
Students
Teaching
Communication
communication skills
Dental Clinics
Clinical Competence
Group

Keywords

  • dental anxiety
  • dental student
  • importance
  • patient
  • Clinical Competence
  • Dental Anxiety
  • Students, Dental
  • Humans
  • Education, Dental
  • Communication

Cite this

Korpela , I. ; Vaununmaa , K. ; Tolvanen, Mimmi ; Suominen , A. ; Freeman, Ruth ; Lahti, Satu. / Dental students’ and patients’ perceived importance and knowledge of dental anxiety. In: European Journal of Dental Education. 2019 ; Vol. 23, No. 4. pp. 515-521.
@article{230abfe056384209ae15904d509d88e4,
title = "Dental students’ and patients’ perceived importance and knowledge of dental anxiety",
abstract = "Aim: To examine the perceived importance and knowledge of the dental students’ in their treatment of dental anxiety according to their year of study and to find out patients’ perceived importance of the dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety according to their level on dental fear.Methods: Dental students (N = 219) at the University of Turku and non-probability convenience sample of 100 of patients attending the Dental Teaching Clinic were given questionnaires with multiple choice and open-ended questions. Students were categorised into three groups according to the year of study (1-3, 4, 5). Patients were categorised into three groups using the established cut points for Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (no fear = 5-9, low fear = 10-18, high fear = 19-25). The differences between groups were evaluated using cross-tabulations, chi squared and Fisher's exact tests. The open-ended questions were subjected to content analysis.Results: Students’ perceived importance of dental anxiety did not differ between three groups. Students with greater undergraduate education and clinical experience were more likely to have excellent or quite good knowledge (P <.001). Patients’ perceived importance of dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety was greater in patients with high level of fear. The overlapping category that emerged from the open-ended question analysis was communication skills. This appeared to be important for patients with dental anxiety and for dental students in their management of dental anxiety.Conclusion: Clinical communication skills should be part of dental anxiety management teaching. Dental students should be able to gain sufficient knowledge and skills in treating dental anxiety before graduating.",
keywords = "dental anxiety, dental student, importance, patient, Clinical Competence, Dental Anxiety, Students, Dental, Humans, Education, Dental, Communication",
author = "I. Korpela and K. Vaununmaa and Mimmi Tolvanen and A. Suominen and Ruth Freeman and Satu Lahti",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/eje.12460",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "515--521",
journal = "European Journal of Dental Education",
issn = "1396-5883",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "4",

}

Dental students’ and patients’ perceived importance and knowledge of dental anxiety. / Korpela , I.; Vaununmaa , K.; Tolvanen, Mimmi; Suominen , A.; Freeman, Ruth; Lahti, Satu (Lead / Corresponding author).

In: European Journal of Dental Education, Vol. 23, No. 4, 01.11.2019, p. 515-521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dental students’ and patients’ perceived importance and knowledge of dental anxiety

AU - Korpela , I.

AU - Vaununmaa , K.

AU - Tolvanen, Mimmi

AU - Suominen , A.

AU - Freeman, Ruth

AU - Lahti, Satu

N1 - © 2019 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2019/11/1

Y1 - 2019/11/1

N2 - Aim: To examine the perceived importance and knowledge of the dental students’ in their treatment of dental anxiety according to their year of study and to find out patients’ perceived importance of the dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety according to their level on dental fear.Methods: Dental students (N = 219) at the University of Turku and non-probability convenience sample of 100 of patients attending the Dental Teaching Clinic were given questionnaires with multiple choice and open-ended questions. Students were categorised into three groups according to the year of study (1-3, 4, 5). Patients were categorised into three groups using the established cut points for Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (no fear = 5-9, low fear = 10-18, high fear = 19-25). The differences between groups were evaluated using cross-tabulations, chi squared and Fisher's exact tests. The open-ended questions were subjected to content analysis.Results: Students’ perceived importance of dental anxiety did not differ between three groups. Students with greater undergraduate education and clinical experience were more likely to have excellent or quite good knowledge (P <.001). Patients’ perceived importance of dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety was greater in patients with high level of fear. The overlapping category that emerged from the open-ended question analysis was communication skills. This appeared to be important for patients with dental anxiety and for dental students in their management of dental anxiety.Conclusion: Clinical communication skills should be part of dental anxiety management teaching. Dental students should be able to gain sufficient knowledge and skills in treating dental anxiety before graduating.

AB - Aim: To examine the perceived importance and knowledge of the dental students’ in their treatment of dental anxiety according to their year of study and to find out patients’ perceived importance of the dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety according to their level on dental fear.Methods: Dental students (N = 219) at the University of Turku and non-probability convenience sample of 100 of patients attending the Dental Teaching Clinic were given questionnaires with multiple choice and open-ended questions. Students were categorised into three groups according to the year of study (1-3, 4, 5). Patients were categorised into three groups using the established cut points for Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (no fear = 5-9, low fear = 10-18, high fear = 19-25). The differences between groups were evaluated using cross-tabulations, chi squared and Fisher's exact tests. The open-ended questions were subjected to content analysis.Results: Students’ perceived importance of dental anxiety did not differ between three groups. Students with greater undergraduate education and clinical experience were more likely to have excellent or quite good knowledge (P <.001). Patients’ perceived importance of dental students’ knowledge of dental anxiety was greater in patients with high level of fear. The overlapping category that emerged from the open-ended question analysis was communication skills. This appeared to be important for patients with dental anxiety and for dental students in their management of dental anxiety.Conclusion: Clinical communication skills should be part of dental anxiety management teaching. Dental students should be able to gain sufficient knowledge and skills in treating dental anxiety before graduating.

KW - dental anxiety

KW - dental student

KW - importance

KW - patient

KW - Clinical Competence

KW - Dental Anxiety

KW - Students, Dental

KW - Humans

KW - Education, Dental

KW - Communication

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071493941&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/eje.12460

DO - 10.1111/eje.12460

M3 - Article

C2 - 31429501

VL - 23

SP - 515

EP - 521

JO - European Journal of Dental Education

JF - European Journal of Dental Education

SN - 1396-5883

IS - 4

ER -