In the present work a new strategy for straightforward fabrication of CdS/CdTe solar cells, containing CdS nanowires and nanoparticles as a window layer and CdTe nanoparticles and microparticles as an absorber layer, are reported. CdS and CdTe nanostructures were synthesized by solvothermal method. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that highly pure and crystallized CdS nanowires and nanoparticles with hexagonal structure and CdTe nanoparticles with cubic structure were obtained. Atomic force microscope and field emission scanning electron microscope images showed that CdS nanowires with length of several μm and average diameter of 35 nm, CdS nanoparticles with average particle size of 32 nm and CdTe nanoparticles with average particle size of 43 nm, were uniformly coated on the substrate by the homemade formulated pastes. Based on ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra, the band gap energies of CdS nanowires, CdS nanoparticles and CdTe nanoparticles were calculated 2.80, 2.65 and 1.64 eV, respectively. It was found that, the photovoltaic performance of the solar cells depends on thickness of CdTe and CdS films, reaching a maximum at a specific value of 6 μm and 225 nm, respectively. For such cell made of CdS nanowires and CdTe nanoparticles the VOC, JSC, fill factor and power conversion efficiency were calculated 0.62 V, 6.82 mA/cm 2, 59.7 and 2.53 %, respectively. Moreover, photovoltaic characteristics of the solar cells were dependent on CdTe and CdS morphologies. CdS/CdTe solar cell made of CdTe and CdS nanoparticles had the highest cell efficiency (i.e., 2.73 %) amongst all fabricated solar cells. The presented strategy would open up new concept for fabrication of low-cost CdS/CdTe solar cells due to employment of a simple chemical route rather than the vapor phase methods.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics|
|Publication status||Published - 16 May 2013|