Design and Performance Evaluation of Magnetorheological Fluids Under Single and Mixed Modes

A. K. El-Wahed, C. A. McEwan

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    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Magnetorheological (MR) fluids are capable of providing continuously variable damping forces in response to a magnetic stimulus. Most MR devices have exploited the variable shear or flow characteristics of MR fluids. Greater potential application in vibration control/isolation may be sought if these fluids are utilized in the squeeze mode in which displacement levels are limited to few millimeters, but large force levels are available. In this article, the results of an experimental assessment of the comparative performance of MR fluids in dynamic squeeze, shear-flow, and mixed modes are presented. A mixed-mode MR cell comprising a cylinder which provides the reservoir for the fluid and a piston was designed and fabricated. The cylinder is subjected to an oscillatory sinusoidal motion while the piston is fixed. This motion simultaneously subjects the fluid sandwiched between the parallel circular-planes of the cell to compressive and tensile loadings, and the fluid contained in the cylindrical gap to a combined shear and flow loading. The magnetic field required to energize the fluid is provided by a pair of toroidally shaped coils, disposed symmetrically about the cylinder/piston centreline. This arrangement permits a separate excitation of the fluid contained in the circular or cylindrical gaps to simulate either a squeeze mode or a shear-flow mode, respectively, in addition to a simultaneous excitation of the fluid to simulate a mixed squeeze and shear-flow mode. The cell was tested under various loadings and magnetic field intensity conditions. Comparisons between the different modes of operation were carried out and the transmitted force level was seen to be greatly enhanced when the fluid was employed under the mixed mode. In addition, the implications of the results to vibration control, where MR fluids are utilized in short-stroke damping applications, are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)631-643
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - May 2011


    • magnetorheological fluids
    • shear-flow mode
    • squeeze mode
    • mixed mode
    • STRESS


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