Design and Simulation of a Ring-Shaped Linear Array for Microultrasound Capsule Endoscopy

Holly S. Lay, Benjamin F. Cox, Vipin Seetohul, Christine E. M. Démoré, Sandy Cochran

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)
    124 Downloads (Pure)


    Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has significantly advanced visualization of the gastrointestinal tract since its introduction in the last 20 years. Work is now under way to combine VCE with microultrasound imaging. However, small maximum capsule dimensions, coupled with the electronics required to integrate ultrasound imaging capabilities, pose significant design challenges. This paper describes a simulation process for testing transducer geometries and imaging methodologies to achieve satisfactory imaging performance within the physical limitations of the capsule size and outlines many of the tradeoffs needed in the design of this new class of ultrasound capsule endoscopy (USCE) device. A hybrid MATLAB model is described, incorporating Krimholtz-Leedom-Matthaei circuit elements and digitizing and beamforming elements to render a gray-scale B-mode. This model is combined with a model of acoustic propagation to generate images of point scatterers. The models are used to demonstrate the performance of a USCE transducer configuration comprising a single, unfocused transmit ring of radius 5 mm separated into eight segments for electrical impedance control and a 512-element receive linear array, also formed into a ring. The MATLAB model includes an ultrasonic pulser circuit connected to a piezocrystal composite transmit transducer with a center frequency of 25 MHz. B-scan images are simulated for wire target phantoms, multilayered phantoms, and a gut wall model. To demonstrate the USCE system's ability to image tissue, a digital phantom was created from single-element ultrasonic transducer scans of porcine small bowel ex vivo obtained at a frequency of 45 MHz.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)589-599
    Number of pages11
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
    Issue number4
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Jan 2018


    • Acoustics
    • capsule endoscopy
    • Computational modeling
    • endoscopic ultrasound
    • gastrointestinal tract
    • high resolution ultrasound
    • Imaging
    • Integrated circuit modeling
    • KLM
    • Mathematical model
    • system modelling
    • Transducers
    • Ultrasonic imaging
    • ultrasound circuits

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Design and Simulation of a Ring-Shaped Linear Array for Microultrasound Capsule Endoscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this